The Herkulessaal is located in the ballroom building , which forms the northern end of the residence to the courtyard garden . This wing was built under Ludwig I and originally contained a sequence of rooms that culminated in the throne room. Ludwig II had a winter garden built in the roof area with an artificial lake, a Moorish kiosk, a fisherman's hut and exotic flora and fauna, but this was removed as early as 1897. In 1944 this wing of the residence was also badly damaged by bombs, but not more than other parts, which were restored fairly true to the original soon after the war using the interior fittings that had been removed from the building. The ballrooms were not irretrievably lost, but the art of the 19th century and especially the classicist-historicist Munich school were very important and so a decision was made, as in many other cases (e.g. Neue Pinakothek , interior design of the Glyptothek , Allerheiligen-Hofkirche ), against reconstruction.
With the Odeon , Munich's traditional concert hall was destroyed in the bombing war. In 1951 only the historical facade was restored and the building was converted into the Bavarian Ministry of the Interior. To compensate, it was decided to build a new concert hall in the ballroom building of the residence. This happened in 1951–1953 by Rudolf Esterer in a monumental classicist style, often criticized for its proximity to Nazi architecture. The name “Hercules Hall” is derived from a series of tapestries that Duke Albrecht V commissioned in 1565, which depict the Hercules saga. The tapestries hung in the hall until 1993 and were then replaced by printed copies. A ballroom called the “Herkulessaal” had existed in the court ladies' suite of the residence since around the year 1600, and it was also destroyed during the war. It was rebuilt in 1959 and later renamed “ Max-Joseph- Hall” to avoid confusion . The organ, a work of the organ building workshop GF Steinmeyer & Co. , was built in 1962 as a four-manual work, it has 74 stops .
The hall has 1,270 seats and 180 standing places. As a concert hall of the Hercules Hall followed with a size of 43.15 m × 22.35 m the shoebox principle . It is used for both symphony concerts and chamber music. Since there is no large church with good acoustics in Munich, sacred choral works are often performed in the Herkulessaal. For large symphonic music, there was also the congress hall at the Deutsches Museum , and from 1985 the Philharmonie am Gasteig . While the Munich Philharmonic enjoy house rights in the Gasteig, the Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra plays partly there and partly in the Herkulessaal, where it organizes two subscription series. Private concert organizers offer subscription series for piano and chamber music. Ambitious amateur orchestras and choirs also perform in the Herkulessaal.
Panorama of the courtyard garden side
- Bavarian Palace Administration | Event rooms | Munich Residence. Retrieved July 16, 2020 .