from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Heterochronismus the super compensation .

Heterochronism (gr. Hetero (other) and chronos (time) ) describes the fact that biological subsystems, such as B. muscle tissue, tendon tissue, bone tissue, etc., have different regeneration times. They take different amounts of time to recover. This is important e.g. B. for blood donation, for recovery after physical exercise or for wound and sick care.


In sports medicine training theory, this is understood to mean the different regeneration times of biological subsystems.

After the end of an intensive training session in the anaerobic area , the acidosis caused by the anaerobic glycolysis is compensated relatively quickly after about an hour, whereas damaged cell organelles such as mitochondria need up to 8 days to regenerate.

Recently, three-dimensional ultrasound images have made it possible to show adaptation processes (with supercompensation) of the tendons , which means that further forms of restoration have to be observed.

blood donation


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Arnd Krüger : Achilles tendon . In: competitive sport , 44, 2014, 3, pp. 30–31.