Hořany u Mostu

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Hořany (German Hareth , also Horanth, Horant, Harränth, ) was a village in Okres Most , Czech Republic , which was devastated in 1980 because of the advancing coal mining .


The settlement of the place at the foot of the mountain Ressl already took place in the Neolithic Age , graves from the Bronze Age were also discovered . The place was first mentioned in writing in 1396. Up to the 16th century, Horanth belonged to several feudal lords of the Hněvín Castle in Brüx . In 1595 it was sold to the city of Brüx , who in 1600 sold it to Mrs. Magdalena Hochhauser von Hochhaus. This was followed by the Schön von Schöneck and Glaser von Glasberg families and, from 1811 until the reform in 1848, the von Ottilienfeld families.

In the 17th century there were about 10 families living in the village who made their living from agriculture, cattle breeding and viticulture. In the middle of the 18th century Jews settled there, who in 1857 made up about a third of the total population of 354 inhabitants. At the end of the 19th century, more and more Czechs moved to the village, which was predominantly inhabited by Germans, and found work in the newly opened coal works. In 1890 there were 626 people, 483 of them Germans, by 1930 the population grew to 1,015, of which 590 were Germans.

The two-story, early baroque castle and the castle chapel of St. Blaise (1701) and the statue of Johann Nepomuk were also destroyed.

Since the 1960s, the place had a stop on the Ústí nad Labem – Chomutov railway .


  • Edgar Balling: Harteh in the old days. In: Erzgebirgs-Zeitung , 51st year, 1930, pp. 9–11; 27-28. ( Digitized version )

Coordinates: 50 ° 30 '  N , 13 ° 35'  E