Hou Hanshu

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The Hou Hanshu ( Chinese  後 漢書  /  后 汉书 , Pinyin Hòu Hànshū ) or writings of the Later Han is one of the recognized sources of Chinese history. It was in the 5th century by Fan Ye compiled based on numerous older documents and treated in 90 chapters the history of the Later Han Dynasty 25-220 n. Chr.

The work is the third of the 24 dynasty stories and comprises 120 scrolls / volumes ( , juǎn ). It is in third place in this canon after the records of the Great Historian and the Book of Han , before the Chronicles of the Three Kingdoms . Fan Ye refers to previous historians including Sima Qian and Ban Gu . The works of many other historians, he accepts even under their original titles, such as the records of Han from the Eastern stay by different contemporary authors of the 2nd century or the records of the Later Han of Yuanhong from the 4th century who have gone partially lost . The last 30 volumes of Hou Hanshu are taken from the continuation of the Book of the Han by Sima Biao from the 3rd century; this happened under the leadership of Liu Zhao , who graduated from Hou Hanshu in the 6th century .

For the cultural and socio-ecological reports from Central Asia , the records of the Western Regions of Ban Yong (127), which are contained in volume 88 of the Hou Hanshu , were authoritative. However, it was corrected by Fan Ye, who notes at the end of the chapter that he has revised some data from the western regions.


  • The uprisings of Wei-ngao and Kung-sün-schŏ's. On the history of the intermediate empire of Han . Gerold, Vienna 1869 (translation by August Pfizmaier , online ).


  • Johann Michael Streffer: Chapter 86 (76) of the Hou Han Shu (= Göppingen academic contributions. Volume 26, ZDB -ID 960499-6 ). Dissertation University of Tübingen 1971. Alfred Kümmerle publishing house, Göppingen 1971.
  • The Western Regions according to the “Hou Hanshu”. The Xiyu juan “Chapter on the Western regions” from Hou Hanshu 88. Translated by John E. Hill. 2nd edition, extensively revised with additional notes and appendices. sn, sl 2003 online .
  • Taishan Yu: A History of the Relationship between the Western and Eastern Han, Wei, Jin, Northern and Southern Dynasties and the Western Regions. Sino-Platonic Papers No. 131 March, 2004. Department of East Asian Languages ​​and Civilizations - University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia PA 2004, excerpt online .

Web links

Wikisource: Hou Hanshu  - Sources and full texts (Chinese)