Idiom (Graubünden Romance)
An idiom of the Swiss canton of Grisons spoken Romansh (Romansh) language is a written language standard language variety , which each for a regionally coherent group of community varying to community spoken dialects a standardized spelling is.
Definition of terms
The terms “idiom” for a written language and “dialect” for the spoken language are thus juxtaposed here. In addition, the term "idiom" used in this way contrasts with the term " Rumantsch Grischun ", which designates a uniform written language created in 1982 for the entire Romansh language area in Graubünden, which has been one of the four official languages of Switzerland since 1996 . The Rumantsch Grischun was supposed to replace the idioms as literacy and local authority language, but this was not generally accepted, so that since 2012 the idioms have been used again in school lessons and again increasingly in public areas (information boards, etc.).
There are five Rumantschia idioms :
- Surselvian (Sursilvan)
- Sutselvian (Sutsilvan)
- Surmeirian (Surmiran)
- Upper Engadin (Puter, Putèr)
- Lower Engadine (Vallader)
- see Kuno Widmer in the section Individual evidence
- Kuno Widmer: Origin of the Romance Idioms of Graubünden. (PDF; 74 kB) Institut dal Dicziunari Rumantsch Grischun (DRG), Chur, March 7, 2008, archived from the original on October 10, 2017 ; Retrieved on April 23, 2018 (with a list of literature on the origin of the Romance idioms of Graubünden and the Romansh dialects and idioms).
- German version of the demands of PRO IDIOMS. (Verein) Pro Idioms, 2013, accessed on May 11, 2014 (sub-pages mainly in 2011).
- Facts & Figures on the Romance Language. How many people actually speak Romansh? And what exactly is an idiom? The facts on the subject . Swiss radio and television. June 16, 2013. Retrieved April 28, 2014. (Source: Lia Rumantscha).