International Agency for Cancer Research
The International Agency for Research on Cancer , or IARC for short (from English International Agency for Research on Cancer , French Center international de recherche sur le cancer, CIRC ) is an institution of the World Health Organization in Lyon / France . It was founded in 1965.
The main task of the IARC is to lead and coordinate research into the causes of cancer . The IARC conducts a number of global epidemiological studies on cancer. Scientific prevention strategies are also being developed. The IARC publishes a number of monographs on cancer risks, which are prepared in accordance with the IARC preamble . To date, 112 volumes have been published (as of March 2015), with monographs from the last 20 years being available online. The works include exposures (including work-related) to various chemicals (e.g. formaldehyde , lead compounds , glyphosate ), physical influences (e.g. ionizing radiation , effects in the context of electromagnetic environmental compatibility ), biological pathogens ( e.g. Helicobacter pylori , Epstein-Barr virus ) and Lifestyle-related factors (for example: tobacco use , ethanol consumption , sunbathing ).
The IARC identifies hazards in its monographs . This means assessing the potential of a particular substance to cause harm. The monographs are then used in the context of risk assessments, which incorporate other factors such as socio-economic aspects or national priorities. Therefore, the IARC does not make any recommendations with regard to national legislation. The assessment of the risk , i.e. the probability that a harmful effect of a chemical will occur, is the responsibility of the bodies entrusted with risk assessments.
The IARC divides chemicals and their mixtures into five categories, from known to be carcinogenic to humans to likely not to be carcinogenic .
- Group 1: carcinogenic to humans
- Group 2A: probably carcinogenic
- Group 2B: possibly carcinogenic
- Group 3: not classified
- Group 4: probably not carcinogenic (so far only caprolactam )
Since 1971, 980 active substances and influencing variables have been examined, 116 of which were identified as carcinogenic (group 1) and 360 as potentially carcinogenic (groups 2A and 2B) for humans. The list of these factors is available online.
Research into the treatment of cancer is not a job for the IARC. The prevention ( prevention ) of cancer is the focus of the agency.
The IARC participates in the definition of disease names and classifications in the field of tumor diseases and, together with the WHO, publishes the book series WHO Classification of Tumors - WHO classification of tumors . These volumes are each based on consensus meetings of recognized international experts and try to standardize diverging classification systems.
Head of the IARC
Christopher Wild has been Director at the IARC since January 2009 .
- Peter Boyle (2004-2008)
- Paul Kleihues (1994-2003)
- Lorenzo Tomatis (1982-1993)
- John Higginson (1967-1981)
More information about the IARC
IARC goes back to an initiative by leading French public figures who moved Charles de Gaulle to set up a cancer research institute that became part of the WHO in 1965. IARC today has 25 member countries.
Approx. 300 employees from around 50 countries work at the IARC headquarters in Lyon, with many visiting scholars and interns being employed every year. The biennial budget for 2014/2015 is around EUR 40 million. In addition, an average of EUR 13 million is raised for individual research projects each year.
- K. Kupferschmidt: High-profile cancer reviews trigger controversy - IARC reports create mostly confusion, scientists say . In: Science . tape 352 , no. 6293 , June 2016, p. 1504-1505 , doi : 10.1126 / science.352.6293.1504 .
- Homepage in English and French
- List of cancer risk factors classified by the IARC so far
- World Health Assembly , Resolution WHA18.44 on May 20, 1965.
- IARC's Mission: Cancer research for cancer prevention , accessed February 28, 2014.
- IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans: PREAMBLE (English).
- IARC Monographs online .
- Volume 88: Formaldehyde, 2-butoxyethanol and 1-tert-butoxypropan-2-ol (PDF; 53 kB).
- Volume 87: Inorganic and Organic Lead Compounds (PDF; 45 kB)
- Volume 112 Glyphosate
- Reuters report on the IARC rating of glyphosate dated October 19, 2017
- Volume 75: Ionizing Radiation, Part 1: X- and Gamma (g) -Radiation, and Neutrons (PDF; 42 kB).
- Volume 80: Non-Ionizing Radiation, Part 1: Static and Extremely Low-Frequency (ELF) Electric and Magnetic Fields (PDF; 35 kB).
- Volume 61: Schistosomes, Liver Flukes and Helicobacter pylori (PDF; 46 kB).
- Volume 70: Epstein-Barr Virus and Kaposi's Sarcoma Herpesvirus / Human Herpesvirus 8 (PDF; 42 kB).
- Volume 83: Tobacco Smoke and Involuntary Smoking (PDF; 46 kB).
- Volume 44: Alcohol Drinking (PDF; 34 kB).
- Volume 55: Solar and Ultraviolet Radiation (PDF; 38 kB).
- Karl Ernst v. Mühlendahl, Matthias Otto: Glyphosate: dangerous (?), Useful; allowed or forbidden? In: Environmental Medicine - Hygiene - Occupational Medicine, Volume 21, No. 4, 2016.
- List of Classifications .
- iarc.fr: BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH: Chris Wild , accessed November 30, 2015 .
- About IARC - Funding , accessed on February 28, 2014.