Hirsingen Jewish Community

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The Jewish community in Hirsingen (French: Hirsingue), a French community in the Haut-Rhin department in the Alsace region , was founded in the 17th and 18th centuries. Century.


The Jewish community had a synagogue , a Jewish school and a ritual bath ( mikveh ). The dead of the Jewish community were buried in the Jewish cemetery in Altkirch . In 1844 the Jewish community of Hirsingen came to the Rabbinate Altkirch when the rabbinate districts were created . In the 19th century, the congregation employed a teacher who was both a prayer leader and a schochet .

During anti-Jewish riots in Sundgau in 1848, the synagogue in Hirsingen was badly damaged and numerous Jewish homes were looted.

The Jewish community in Hirsingen reached its highest number of members around 1846. By moving to the cities, the community reduced to 28 members in 1936.


The old synagogue was sold after it was rebuilt in 1912/13. Today the building (32, rue de Lattre-de-Tassigny) is used as a residential building. The new synagogue (13, rue de la Synagogue) was inaugurated on September 24, 1913 by Rabbi Simon Auscher from Altkirch .

In July 1940 the synagogue was closed by the German occupiers . In 1962 the building was sold by the Jewish community and is still used as a residential building today.

Community development

year Parishioners
1784 95
1846 127
1861 94
1910 80
1936 28

National Socialist Persecution

After the German occupation of Alsace, the Jews in Hirsingen were deported to southern France between July and October 1940 and later murdered in the Eastern European concentration camps .


  • Klaus-Dieter Alicke: Lexicon of the Jewish communities in the German-speaking area. Volume 2: Großbock - Ochtendung. Gütersloher Verlagshaus, Gütersloh 2008, ISBN 978-3-579-08078-9 , Sp. 1894-1895 ( online version ).

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