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Altkirch coat of arms
Altkirch (France)
region Grand Est
Department Haut-Rhin
Arrondissement Altkirch
Canton Altkirch (main town)
Community association Sundgau
Coordinates 47 ° 37 '  N , 7 ° 14'  E Coordinates: 47 ° 37 '  N , 7 ° 14'  E
height 274-392 m
surface 9.54 km 2
Residents 5,737 (January 1, 2017)
Population density 601 inhabitants / km 2
Post Code 68130
INSEE code

Aerial view of Altkirch

Altkirch ( Alsatian Àltkìrech ) is a French town with 5737 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2017) in the Haut-Rhin department in the Grand Est region . The city is the seat of the sub-prefecture ( sous-préfecture ) of the arrondissement Altkirch , which consists of four cantons , it is the main town ( chef-lieu ) of the canton Altkirch and the municipality association Sundgau .


Altkirch is located on a hill above the river Ill and is the central place of the Sundgau in southern Alsace . After Basel in the east is about 30 kilometers to Belfort in the west about 42 kilometers, according to Mulhouse in the north about 19 kilometers.

Neighboring communities of Altkirch are Aspach and Walheim in the north, Wittersdorf in the east, Hirsingue and Hirtzbach in the south and Carspach in the north-west.


The place was first mentioned in 1102 and received city rights in the 13th century. In 1324 Altkirch fell into the possession of the House of Habsburg through marriage ; after the Peace of Westphalia (1648) it belonged  to France - with an interruption from 1871 to 1918 . In 1659, Altkirch passed into the possession of Cardinal Mazarin as a gift from King Louis XIV .

Around 1900 Altkirch had a Catholic church, a Protestant church, a synagogue , a grammar school , a district court and a main customs office .

Altkirch is considered a place of pilgrimage , as it is the home and burial place of the regional saint Morandus . In addition to the Gothic stone grave of the Benedictine, the pilgrimage church also houses his valuable reliquary from 1428.


Number of residents according to the year
year 1851 1861 1872 1890 1900 1905 1910 1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2014
Residents 3611 3108 3193 3402 3298 3392 3491 4246 5118 5319 5268 5090 5386 5575 5738

Culture and sights

The Sundgau Museum is located in a Renaissance building and shows furniture from Alsace and works by the regional artist Jean Jacques Henner .

Transport links

Station building

Altkirch has had a station on the Paris – Mulhouse line since October 15, 1857. From 1891, the Altkirch – Ferrette line branched off here . Passenger traffic on this route was discontinued in 1951, freight traffic in 1968. Intercités trains stopped in Altkirch until December 2011 , with the commissioning of LGV Rhin-Rhône only TER Alsace and TER Franche-Comté trains stop.

Town twinning

Altkirch has had partnerships with Le Thor in the Vaucluse (France) department since 1991 and with San Daniele del Friuli in the Friuli-Venezia Giulia region (Italy) since 1994.


See also


  • Le Patrimoine des Communes du Haut-Rhin. Flohic Editions, Volume 1, Paris 1998, ISBN 2-84234-036-1 , pp. 29-40.

Web links

Commons : Altkirch  - collection of images, videos and audio files
Wikisource: Topographia Alsatiae: Altkirch  - Sources and full texts

Individual evidence

  1. a b Meyer's Large Conversation Lexicon . 6th edition, Volume 1, Leipzig / Vienna 1905, p. 392 ( )
  2. a b c d M. Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006)
  3. ^ Complete geographic-topographical-statistical local lexicon of Alsace-Lorraine. Contains: the cities, towns, villages, castles, communities, hamlets, mines and steel works, farms, mills, ruins, mineral springs, etc. with details of the geographical location, factory, industrial and other commercial activity, the post, railway u. Telegraph stations and the like historical notes etc. Adapted from official sources by H. Rudolph. Louis Zander, Leipzig 1872, Sp. 1 ( online )
  4. Site Hirtzbach, Histoire lire en ligne (accessed on July 21, 2010)
  5. Veronika Feller-Vest: Surgant, Johann Ulrich. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .