|surface||4.20 km 2|
|Residents||1,128 (January 1, 2017)|
|Population density||269 inhabitants / km 2|
Aspach (Alsatian Aaschpi ) is a French commune with 1,128 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2017) in the Haut-Rhin department in the Grand Est region . It belongs to the canton Altkirch and community association Sundgau .
The name of the Littenkapelle was derived from the Alsatian Armi Litt (for poor people), which was used to describe the lepers . In the Middle Ages, leprosy came from returning crusaders and spread here widely. The lepers were rejected and isolated by the population. Oral tradition says that a leprosy colony was established on the southwestern edge of the forest, about one kilometer from the village of Aspach. The Litten Chapel is located on the site of the former leper colony. The trigger for this was a statue of the Virgin Mary carved by a sick person, which hung on a large old beech tree. During the French Revolution, the statue was hidden in a barrel in Aspach. In 1862 she was given a place of honor in the newly built chapel. The beech at the chapel was felled in 1900 and is said to have produced 32 cubic meters of wood. In 1915, the residents of Aspach were evacuated because of the hostilities of the First World War. A family hid the statue in Geispitzen for 3 years . In 1984 the chapel was renovated by volunteers from the village. The statue of Our Lady of the Litten is now housed in the parish church of Aspach. For many years the Virgin of Litten has been carried in procession from the church to the chapel on the Rosary Festival.
- Le Patrimoine des Communes du Haut-Rhin. Flohic Editions, Volume 1, Paris 1998, ISBN 2-84234-036-1 , pp. 40-41.
- Information on a public plaque in the chapel
- Community presentation (French)