Jackson Haines

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Jackson Haines

Jackson Haines (* 1840 in New York , ( USA ); † 1876 in Kokkola (then Gamlakarleby ), Finland ) was a ballet master , figure skater and above all the founder of modern figure skating .


Jackson Haines won the first US championship in 1864 with a new type of ice skating and new steel skates. He was criticized for this, however, and accused of concentrating more on body and limb poses than on the figure run. The stiff and strict English style of ice-skating still prevailed.

So he went to Europe and did a lot of shows. The first success came in Stockholm . His appearance inspired the Swedish King Charles XV. so much so that in 1866 he decided to found a royal ice skating club .

In the winter of 1868 he came to Vienna , where he triumphed with several appearances on the site of the newly founded Viennese ice skating club . There was great enthusiasm in the ranks of the audience when he ran a waltz all over the ice. The Johann Strauss City thanked him in its own way: under the leading leadership of Dr. Karl v. Korper, the third president of the Vienna Ice Skating Association from 1875, what Jackson Haines showed was systematically sorted and recorded. The system of the “Viennese School” emerged, which was based on five basic figures: bow, snake bow, threesome, double threesome and noose. This made learning the characters easier. The result of this effort was a large number of well-trained ice skaters in Vienna who were soon able to dance the so-called Jackson-Haines waltz on the ice.

→ Main article: Ice dancing

Jackson Haines appearance was thus the impetus to found the Vienna School of Figure Skating, which soon compensated for the previous lead of the English.

His athletic achievements seemed so astonishing that those who did not see them with their own eyes would not believe it; they questioned the implementation of the figures described. Depping, author of the work “The Magic of Strength and Ability” (1869) wrote in his book that it is not possible to change direction without a new push. He rejected the testimony of the eyewitnesses by saying that they fell victim to an optical illusion.

It is often falsely claimed that Haines died of pneumonia that he contracted on a sleigh ride from Saint Petersburg to Stockholm. In fact, he died impoverished of tuberculosis in Kokkola (Gamlakarleby), Finland, which was then a small village.

See also


  • Jarmila Šťastná-Königová - Nekonečné stopy bruslí ( Infinite ice skating tracks )

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Franz Biberhofer: Chronicle of the Vienna Ice Skating Club . Vienna 1906, p. 15 .
  2. Waltraud Witte: Figure Skating Basics . Meyer & Meyer Verlag, 2016, p. 14 .
  3. History , usfigureskating.com, accessed December 1, 2016th