Joseph Halévy

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Joseph Halévy

Joseph Halévy (born December 15, 1827 in Edirne ; died February 7, 1917 in Paris ) was a French orientalist and traveler to Africa .

Joseph Halévy visited northern Abyssinia in 1868 , then explored Yemen on behalf of the Académie française 1869-1870 for Sabaean inscriptions, of which he brought 683 home, some (550 inscriptions) in a previously unknown sister language of Sabaean ( Minean ). From Hodeida he went from Ḥayim Ḥabshush to Sana'a , Ma'rib ( Saba ) and from there north over previously unknown territory to Najran (since 1934 in what is now Saudi Arabia ), a little below 18 ° north latitude, so that his trip is also very important geographically and ethnographically.

Halévy was a professor at the University of Paris . Noteworthy is his position in Assyriology , where he rejected the view that the Akkadians were an ancient Asian culture.

In 1907 he was accepted as a corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Sciences in Saint Petersburg .


  • Report on a mission archéologique dans le Yemen . (Paris 1872)
  • Essai sur la langue Agaou, le dialect des Falachas . (Paris 1873)
  • Voyage au Nedjrân (1873)
  • Études berbères . (1873)
  • Mélanges d'épigraphie et d'archéologie sémitiques . (1874)
  • Études sabéennes . (1875)
  • Études sur la syllabaire cunéiforme . (1876)
  • Recherches critiques sur l'origine de la civilization babylonienne . (1877)
  • Essai sur les inscriptions du Safa . (1882)
  • Mélanges de critique et d'histoire relatifs aux peuples sémitiques . (1883)
  • Introduction au déchiffrement des inscriptions pseudo-hittites . 1893
  • Le sumérisme et l'histoire babylonienne . 1901

Work in English and Judeo-Arabic

  • Travels to Yemen: An Account of Joseph Halévy's journey to Najran in the year 1870 / Written in Sanʾani Arabic by his Guide Ḥayim Ḥabshush (died 1899). Edited with a detailed Summary in English and a Glossary of Vernacular Words by SD Goitein , Hebrew University Press, Jerusalem 1941

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Foreign members of the Russian Academy of Sciences since 1724. Joseph Halévy. Russian Academy of Sciences, accessed August 13, 2015 .