Jugalbandi (also: Jugalbandhi , Kannada ಜುಗಲ್ಬಂದಿ , Devanagari : जुगलबंदी , Urdu جگلبندئ, Bengali যুগলবন্ধী ) is a musical form of presentation in Indian classical music , especially in the music of Hindustan . It is a duet between two solo musicians . The word "jugalbandi" literally means "conjoined twins". The duet can be vocal or instrumental.
Musicians often play together with different instruments, such as the famous Jugalbandis of sitarist Ravi Shankar and sarodist Ali Akbar Khan , who have performed together since the 1940s. Occasionally the musicians come from different musical traditions (for example Carnatic and Hindustan). The specialty is that in the Jugalbandi the two solo voices appear side by side on an equal footing. Jugalbandi is therefore only a piece of music if neither of the two voices has a subordinate position as an accompaniment. The music becomes a playful competition between the two actors.
Jugalbandi with a Hindustan and Carnatic occupation has become a relatively common scheme. Often a Hindustan musician plays with a tabla artist, or a Carnatic musician plays with a mridangam artist, often accompanied by a tambura . The leading musician in each tradition plays a composition in his own style and then they play a piece together. The common piece is then usually in a scheme (raga) which is known to both traditions, such as Yaman-Kalyani , Bhairavi-Sindhubhairavi and Keeravani .
Jasrangi is a new form of Jugalbandi. It is named after Pandit Jasraj . In this style, a male and a female voice sing two different ragas at the same time in different tone scales, based on the Moorchhana principle of classical Indian music. Both singers emphasize the Shadja-Madhyam and Shadja-Pancham Bhav (the 'ma' note of the female voice becomes the 'sa' note of the male voice and the 'pa' note of the male voice becomes the 'sa' note of the female voice). Since both singers stay on their own scale, the tonal quality is retained.
- Gérard Béhague: Performance practice: ethnomusicological perspectives . Greenwood Press, 1984, ISBN 978-0-313-24160-4 , p. 27 (Accessed July 14, 2013).
- Latha Varadarajan: The Domestic Abroad: Diasporas in International Relations . Oxford University Press, September 10, 2010, ISBN 978-0-19-988987-7 , pp. 138-.
- thehindu.com .