Kaabu (also Gabu, Ngabou or N'Gabu) was a Mandinka empire from 1537-1867 in what is now Guinea-Bissau and Senegal .
Around 1200, the Mandinka immigrated to the area. Between 1230 and 1240 the area was conquered by Tirmakhan Traore , a general of the Mansa of the Mali Empire Sundiata Keïta . The area became the province of Kaabu of the Mali Empire under the Farim Kaabu. More and more Mandinke immigrated, the previous population was assimilated or sold into slavery .
Around 1500 the Mali Empire disintegrated. In 1537 Farim Kaabu Sami Koli also declared his country independent and acquired the title Kaabu Mansaba. The capital was Gabú . The religion consisted in the worship of the ancestors . Cowrie shells served as currency . The culture of the Mali Empire was carried on by the Kaabu upper class.
The ruling class of the Nyancho consisted of elite warriors who captured many slaves and raised armies with which they went to war with one another. They also sold many slaves to the Portuguese in Cacheu to America .
In the 19th century, Islamist Fulbe fought against the non-Islamic states in West Africa. In 1866, Alfa Yaya von Labé , ruler of Futa Djalon , together with troops of the Hajji Omar Gabú. In 1867 Mansa Dianke Walli ordered the town's gunpowder stores to be blown up. As a result, most of the defenders and attackers died and Kaabu went under.
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