As karoshi ( Jap. 過労死 , Death by reworking ) is called in Japan a sudden work-related death . The most common cause of death is a stress- induced heart attack or stroke . It is controversial whether suicides that can be traced back to work-related mental illness ( 過 労 自殺 Karōjisatsu ) fall under the definition. About 40 Japanese clinics specialize in Karōshi-endangered cases. The phenomenon is also widespread in South Korea , where it is called kwarosa ( 과로사 , 過勞 dort ). In China, death caused by overwork is known as guòláosǐ ( 过劳 死 ).
The first case of Karōshi was reported in 1969 when a 29-year-old married worker died of a stroke in the mail order division of Japan's largest newspaper. However, the media did not become aware of this phenomenon until late 1980, after several middle-aged executive managers suddenly died with no prior signs of illness . This phenomenon was shortly thereafter referred to as Karōshi , and as public concern about it increased in 1987, the Japanese Ministry of Labor began publishing Karōshi statistics .
Cause and consequences
The cause of the Karōshi Falls is the rapid economic rise of Japan after the Second World War . It is now recognized that workers cannot work six to seven days a week for more than twelve hours a day for years without suffering physically and mentally.
Due to the legal recognition that has now taken place as a form of liability subject to liability, more and more relatives of Karōshi victims are suing their employers for compensation payments . However, before compensation can be awarded, the Labor Inspection Agency must recognize the case as an occupational death.
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- Japan working itself to an early grave. Statistics for 2006
- Report on Karoshi (1997) ( Memento from November 24, 2015 in the web archive archive.today )
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- Shai Oster: Is Work Killing You? In China, Workers Die at Their Desks. In: Bloomberg . June 30, 2014, accessed February 27, 2017 .