The former Katharinenkloster in Stendal is a Gothic brick monastery in Stendal in the district of the same name in Saxony-Anhalt . It is used as an event room and concert hall. The former monastery buildings have housed the Altmark Museum since 1964 .
History and architecture
The monastery was founded in 1456 by Elector Friedrich II of Brandenburg as a Benedictine monastery. After 1469 it was also occupied by Augustinian choir women , later also by Reformed Benedictine women . After the introduction of the Reformation, the monastery was converted into a women's monastery in 1540 , which was dissolved in 1945. Between 1985 and 1986 the church and the cloister were restored.
The Katharinenkloster Stendal was built on the site of the Hospital of the Holy Spirit in the second half of the 15th century. The church was consecrated between 1472 and 1490. The church is a well-proportioned nave brick building with choir conclusion from five sides of a decagon and a gable roof with skylights . The building is structured by buttresses and illuminated by pointed arch windows that are wider in the nave and narrower in the choir. The type of the church is comparable to that of St. Annen's Church in Stendal and the Elisabeth Chapel in Tangermünde . Shaped stones and brick stamps were used in the construction, as on the Stendal Cathedral and the St. Mary's Church in Stendal .
A change of plan can be seen from the third yoke from the west. Possibly the eastern part of the church was initially planned as a new building for the hospital chapel and was completed in 1461 as a nunnery church. Other unrealized plans can be seen in the three wall connections laid out in the west wall but not used, furthermore in a portal with a stepped segment arch and in the large six-part window of the former nun’s gallery, which was walled up after the fire in 1687 and provided with two small openings.
Inside, the base zone is structured by round-arched niches, which are expanded on the south side to form rectangular chapels between the buttresses. The nave is closed with ribbed vaults, which are based on circular services with capitals. Groin vaults have been drawn into the chapels.
The former monastery buildings that have been preserved were restored by master builder Siepmann between 1863 and 1865 and later converted into a museum. A narrow cross-rib vaulted cloister of the west wing and parts of the south wing date from the Middle Ages. To the north of the church they once enclosed a roughly square courtyard, to the south were the hospital buildings, which were only demolished in the 19th century, of which only a simple late Gothic entrance gate has survived.
On the south-eastern buttress of the choir, the tombstone of Beteke Rolekin with a crucifixion from 1441 from the previous hospital chapel has been preserved. On the walls of the church there is an incised tombstone of the knight Benedikt Calve from the beginning of the 15th century and baroque inscription epitaphs , mostly made of sandstone, of the canoness from the Altmark country nobility.
In the second yoke on the north wall is the former bell of the Katharinenkirche. The cast bronze bell shows a four-line Latin inscription on the mantle, which reads in German: “This bell was cast at the expense of the Katharinenkloster and the event of the Dominae von Vinzelberg and Convent also Kloster Comissariides Hof Fiscals Corings and Closter Head Andeas Warnicke Salzwedel Meister CB anno 1759 CB Behrens ”.
The interior fittings with chairs and a gallery are simple and modern. Former pieces of equipment from the church, which included a carved wing retable from the beginning of the 16th century, are now on display in the Altmark Museum.
- Georg Dehio : Handbook of the German art monuments. Saxony Anhalt I. District of Magdeburg. Deutscher Kunstverlag, Munich / Berlin 2002, ISBN 3-422-03069-7 , pp. 899–901.
- Thomas Hartwig: All Altmark churches from A to Z . Elbe-Havel-Verlag, Havelberg 2012, ISBN 978-3-9814039-5-4 , p. 468-470 .