Child and cone

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With child and cone ” is a phrase meaning “with the whole family” or comprehensively “with children, pets and luggage”. It actually means "with matrimonial and illegitimate child" because of early medieval expression kekel the child from a Kebsehe designated ( marriage between a Free and a serf ); however, this original meaning has largely been lost. The idiom combines two stylistic devices : alliteration and Hendiadyoin .

Word origin

"Kegel" comes from the Old High German kegil , "stick, peg", and in the Middle Ages had the additional meaning " illegitimate or unmarried child ", " bastard " or "child of a Kebse / from a Kebsehe". Presumably the term corresponds to similarly used and equally disparaging terms such as "brat, beating, pen". Due to the high death rate, especially among women (births), it happened that not only children from several marriages of the man lived in one household, but when the man died and the widow was re-married, there were children in the household no longer had parents. For the sake of simplicity, these orphans were also referred to as cones, even though they were born in wedlock, but now lived as illegitimate children alongside the legitimate ones.

A cone had fewer rights than a legitimate child and was therefore referred to differently. At that time the term “child” did not refer to a stage of life, but to an honorary status, similar to the term “ master ”. After the end of the Middle Ages, the social meaning of honesty in the German cultural area generally declined, with the term “child” also generalizing and the term “cone” almost completely disappearing from the language. Only Thuringian still knows the term; there a naughty, boorish child is called "Keschel". In High German only the phrase “child and bowling” is preserved.

In the German dictionary of the Brothers Grimm it says:

“This certificate goes back to the 13th century. back. But even here it no longer appears to be independent, but already in connection with the child; this connection, mostly 'child and bowling', is one of those formulas in which an otherwise dead word drags on for a long time, and this particular one, which is still alive today, with its bar rhymes will go back to the time of the oldest alliterative poetry . "

The following is an example of the idiom from a joking speech to the assembled university members from before or around Luther's time:

"Now listen, ir gentlemen, all common,
Payde gross and also klain,
old, young, kegel and child,
all who are hye collected."

Similar phrases

  • "With bag and bag": does not refer to people, but to everything that can be stowed in bags and bags.

Web links

Wiktionary: with child and bowling  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. Duden Online : Kind, das: Meanings (3). Retrieved July 16, 2019; Quote: "[...] - with child and cone (with the entire family; Middle High German kegel, kekel = illegitimate child, probably identical with kegel = club, stick, cone)".
  2. Lexicon entry: der Kêgel. In: Johann Christoph Adelung : Grammatical-Critical Dictionary of High German Dialect. Leipzig 1793-1801, Volume 2, Column 1530; Quote: “an illegitimate child; an outdated meaning in High German, which only occurs in the common life RA Kind und Kegel, i.e. legitimate and illegitimate children, or the whole family. To go away with all the kids, with the whole family. He has neither child nor cone, no close heirs. "
  3. a b Kluge: Etymological dictionary. 18th edition, pp. ??.
  4. Kegel in the German dictionary of the Brothers Grimm.
  5. ^ Library of the literary association in Stuttgart. XLVI. Carnival games from the fifteenth century. Gleanings. From Adelbert von Keller. Stuttgart, 1858, p. 216 (i / j and u / v adjusted according to the sound value in places)
  6. Duden Online : Packing, der. Retrieved July 16, 2019; Quotation: "Meaning: the whole of things firmly laid on top of one another, stacked on top of one another [and bound, held together]".
  7. Duden Online : Sack, der: Meanings (4). Retrieved July 16, 2019; Quote: "[...] - with sack and pack (with all belongings; actually = everything that is stowed in sacks or packs)".