Kinesics is a sub-discipline of ethologically oriented communication science and, as part of conversation analysis, specifically examines movement behavior in its communicative relevance.
Study area (systematics of kinesian displays)
Kinesics distinguishes the subject of investigation from verbal (linguistic) and vocal (vocal) as kinesic communication behavior and divides this into:
Motor skills (movement behavior)
- facial expressions
- Pantomime (posture)
Taxis (motion orientation)
- Axial orientation (head or body)
- Eye contacts
- Haptics ( tactile contacts )
- Autotactile contact (self-touch)
- Sociotactile contact (external contact)
- Object tactile contact
- Fictitious tactile contact (imaginative touch)
Locomotor skills (locomotion)
- Proxemics (distance control).
The results of kinesics can be used in practical applications wherever it is important to use one's own movement behavior in a targeted manner and to correctly interpret that of the other in order to achieve a certain communication success in conversation situations. This applies e.g. B. for training in speeches and public appearances, for example in rhetoric , where physical activity has been treated under the term " actio " since ancient times , for training in de-escalation behavior in social or police professions or for training salespeople in sales talks .
- Kinesics : Presentation on the website of Svend F. Sager at the Institute for German Studies at the University of Hamburg
- Overview: ( Memento of April 27, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) Introduction to issue No. 70 of the Osnabrück Contributions to the Theory of Language "Nonverbal Communication" by Sven F. Sager & Kristin Bührig