The cultural mandate is a legal requirement for public institutions such as mass media or theater , related to the educational mandate . For Germany, it is laid down in the State Broadcasting Treaty of 2008, but it is not legally fixed precisely and is usually understood to mean that “contributions to culture” should be offered. The implementation of the cultural mandate is largely at the discretion of the institutions and is monitored and influenced by cultural policy .
“Art and culture” are not elements of “education and science” outside of the training facilities, so the cultural mandate is not synonymous with the educational mandate. Since the development of private radio and private television in the 1980s, the cultural mandate of the public service media has often been understood as a counterweight to private-sector programs. It is associated, for example, with the consideration of minorities and with freedom from economic constraints, also with the development of an independent identity and with the promotion of local cultural production, such as the radio quota in France and Canada. Quota regulations are often justified with a “promotion of regional offers”, which is part of the cultural mandate. Opponents of quota regulations see in them a political interference with the “freedom of programs”.
The German Cultural Council demands that, with a view to the digital media world, the cultural emphasis should be expanded and specified (e.g. through digital archiving of content and its accessibility on the Internet).
The cultural mission of the public broadcasters has a history that goes back to the Weimar Republic . In 1925, the Reichsrundfunkgesellschaft committed itself to support broadcasters in financial difficulties so that they could continue to offer an artistically demanding program. Deutsche Welle was founded in 1926 as an explicit educational program . However, the cultural advisory boards of the broadcasters had a relatively minor influence compared to the direct state influence on the programs.
- Christian Lewke: The constitutional cultural mandate of public broadcasting , Frankfurt am Main: Lang 2007. ISBN 978-3-631-57361-7
- Udo Steiner u. a .: Cultural mandate in the state community. The control of administrative action through budget law and budget control , Berlin: de Gruyter 1984. ISBN 3-11-010026-6
- Christopher Wolf: The cultural mission of public broadcasting in the case law of the Federal Constitutional Court, Lang, Frankfurt am Main 2010, pp. 6-8.
- Statement by the German Cultural Council of February 9, 2015
- Rüdiger Weißbach : Radio and new music. 2nd edition, Dortmund 1986, p. 52 f. ISBN 3-924100-04-7 .