Cultural property of national importance

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Cultural national importance is called the monument immovable, movable, and intangible cultural heritage , which at the level of the entire state under the protection of cultural stands. The term is intended to distinguish from “lower-ranking” designations of regional significance or the legislation of individual states or other administrative units. International importance is to be seen as even more important , for example registers of international organizations such as UNESCO (UNO), in the sense of a supranational common heritage of all humanity.

The concept of the national monument in the sense of a building as a place of remembrance for the idea of ​​the nation itself is to be delimited - but certainly included in it.

In a broader sense, the expression can also encompass the entirety of the cultural heritage of a state, as is an issue in the discussion and international law regulation of the fight against illegal trade in cultural goods as well as the restitution of looted art .

International protection categories and programs on national cultural property

List of national protection categories of national importance


  • Marc Weber: Inalienable cultural asset in national and international legal transactions. Series of publications on cultural property protection / cultural property studies . New edition Verlag Walter de Gruyter, 2015, ISBN 9783110864700 .

Individual evidence

  1. cf. Michael Anton: International Private and Civil Procedure Law. Volume 3 of the Protection of Cultural Property and Art Restitution Law. Verlag Walter de Gruyter, 2010, ISBN 9783899497267 , z. BS 875 ( limited preview in Google book search).