Running good

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Simple rig with few controls
Model of a modern rig. Apart from the length, the components are real.

In shipping, running rigging refers to all ropes that are used to move the sails or the spars connected to them , but also all ropes and tackles that are not attached at both ends, but are sheared by blocks and can be moved.

The term is derived from the now outdated term “good” for rope and the property that it is mobile, ie “runs”. The standing goods are differentiated from the running goods .

The running goods usually consist of ropes , but parts such as the tackles or precursors can also be made of wire or chain. The amount of running cargo is closely related to the rigging of a ship. The first boats to be sailed should have managed with very little rope, as was assumed during the expedition with the Kon-Tiki . There is only one case for setting the sail and the sheets for steering it.

"Tug of war" on the vang of the outer
jib of the Gorch Fock

As part of the development of sailing ships , the number of sails and their controls increased more and more, so that more and more special ropes were necessary. So were bream for lateral turning, top musicians vertical alignment of the yards , Geitaue and clewlines and buntlines for setting and mountains of square sails from the deck, vang helped big staysail to recover again, Refftaljen simplified shrinking the sail area and Bullentaljen prevented a sudden reversal of trees .

With the emergence of modern sailing , the demands changed again, so that certain parts of the running goods were oversized, but on the other hand there were also increased demands on the speed of the yachts . So new ropes were added that serve the so-called sail trim , i.e. the adaptation of the sail position or the sail profile to wind, course and sea conditions. These include the boom vang, which is intended to prevent the large boom from climbing in an uncontrolled manner, or particularly sophisticated tensioning devices for the sail such as the Cunningham straightener .

See also


  • Jens Kusk Jensen: Handbook of practical seamanship on traditional sailing ships . RKE-Verlag, Kiel 1989, ISBN 3-924381-15-1 , p. 119–128 (German reprint of the original edition from 1924).
  • Friedrich Ludwig Middendorf: masting and rigging the ships . Horst Hamecher, Kassel 1977, ISBN 3-86195-561-X , p. 16 (reprint of the original from 1903).
  • Joachim Schult: Sailors Lexicon. 13th updated edition. Delius Klasing, Bielefeld 2008, ISBN 978-3-7688-1041-8 .
  • Peter Schweer: The optimally trimmed rig (= small yacht library. Volume 86). 9th edition. Delius Klasing, Bielefeld 2003, ISBN 3-87412-127-5 .

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Otto Lueger: Laufendes Gut . In: Lexicon of all technology and its auxiliary sciences . tape 6 . Stuttgart / Leipzig 1908, p. 76 ( [accessed September 11, 2012]).
  2. Running rope u. Rigging . In: Pierer's Universal Lexicon . tape 10 . Altenburg 1860, p. 160–161 ( [accessed September 11, 2012]).
  3. Good . In: Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon . tape 8 . Leipzig 1907, p. 541 ( [accessed September 11, 2012]).