Leonine hexameter

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The leonine hexameter (also leoninischer verse or Leoniner ; Latin versus leoninus ) is mainly in the Middle Latin popular poetry verse with six elevations (usually Hexameter , rare pentameter ) and caesura rhyme , that is, Penthemimeres and ship are (two-syllable common) through rhymes connected with each other. Examples:

Nobilis hoc Hagano / fuerat sub tempore tiro
En habeno versus / te praecipiente reversus
sit tibi fons laeta / versus recitante poeta

Examples of caesuristic pentameters already exist in antiquity, for example in Ovid ( Ars amatoria ), then in late Latin ( Sedulius ) and early medieval Latin poetry, especially widespread in the 10th and 11th centuries ( Waltharius , Ecbasis captivi , Ruodlieb ). A modern imitation is the Vaticinium Lehninense . Leonine verses are rare in German poetry. Examples can be found in Eberhard von Cersne ( Der Minne Regel ), Johannes Rothe ( From the offices of the cities and councilors of the princes ) and in the Baroque with Johann Fischart .

The origin of the name remains unclear. Erdmann traced it back to Pope Leo and the rhythmic sentence ending ( cursus and hence cursus leoninus ), which was particularly cultivated in his letters , alternatively an otherwise unknown poet of the 12th century named Leo or Leoninus was accepted as the namesake.

An elegiac distich formed from a Leonine hexameter and a pentameter is called a Leonine distich .


Individual evidence

  1. Burkhard Mönnighoff: couplet. In: Klaus Weimar (Hrsg.): Reallexikon der deutschen Literaturwissenschaft . Vol. 1. De Gruyter, Berlin 1997, ISBN 3-11-010896-8 , p. 379 f.