List of the ancient Roman kings

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The sources for the early Roman period are extremely poor. Since there are practically no reliable historical sources regarding the Roman kings compared to the emperors of the Roman Empire , one can often not be certain about their truth content with the curriculum vitae and dates of the individual kings on the list of ancient Roman kings . Over the centuries, the remaining information from the early rulers was enriched by the Roman authors with various miracle sagas (see Titus Livius ) to demonstrate an early strength and importance of Rome. This approach also caused displeasure among some Romans; The historian Tacitus dealt briefly with the sentence Urbem Romam a principio reges habuere ("The city of Rome was ruled by kings in the very beginning") in his outline of Roman history at the beginning of his historical work Annales .

The following list gives the current state of research again, like the King List have looked could . However, there are quite a few ancient historians who at least completely deny the existence of the first four rulers and also question the government data of the last three - because there are many indications that the kingship in Rome was in reality only abolished later, around 470.

Name (life data) Reign Remarks
Romulus 753-716 BC Chr. After the robbery of the Sabine women, together with the Sabine king Titus Tatius
Numa Pompilius
(* 750 BC; † 672 BC)
715-672 BC Chr.
Tullus Hostilius
(* around 710 BC; † 640 BC)
672-640 BC Chr.
Ancus Marcius
(* 675 BC; † 616 BC)
640-616 BC Chr.
Lucius Tarquinius Priscus 616-578 BC Chr.
Servius Tullius
(* unknown; † 534 BC)
578-534 BC Chr.
Lucius Tarquinius Superbus
(* unknown; † around 495 BC)
534-510 BC Chr.
It is reported that in 510 BC The last Roman king Lucius Tarquinius Superbus was expelled and the first consuls of the Roman Republic were elected (see: List of Roman Consuls ).

In the Holy Roman Empire , the king who did not yet hold the dignity of emperor carried the title of Roman King . Napoleon Franz Bonaparte (Napoleon II), the son of Napoleon I , borrowed the title Roi de Rome (King of Rome) based on it.


  • Luciana Aigner-Foresti : The Etruscans and early Rome (= compact history. Antiquity) , Darmstadt 2003, p. 50ff., 125ff.

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Robert Werner: The beginning of the Roman republic. Historical-chronological studies of the early days of the libera res publica . Munich / Vienna 1963, p. 290f. and more often.