In addition to his older brother Gaius Caesar , who like himself from Augustus 17 BC Was adopted in the principate to ensure the succession , Lucius had three younger siblings, the sisters Iulia the younger and Agrippina the elder as well as the brother Agrippa Postumus . The Caesares - as the two adoptive sons of Augustus are often referred to in modern research - were given honors and offices by their adoptive father at an early stage. Among other things, Augustus organized gladiator fights in her name and co-opted her into the college of priests . Lucius was promised Aemilia Lepida , who came from a noble family, as his wife.
On the occasion of the creation of the men's toga , Lucius was 2 BC. Like his older brother three years earlier, appointed princeps iuventutis ("leader of the chivalrous youth"). The highlight of the prominence of the two sons of Augustus was their designation as consuls when they had barely outgrown childhood. However, Lucius died in AD 2 on the way to Spain , where he was to be introduced to the army before he could hold the highest office of state. He was buried in the tomb of the Julio-Claudian dynasty , the Augustus mausoleum .
- J. Bert Lott: Death and Dynasty in Early Imperial Rome Key Sources, with Text, Translation, and Commentary. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 2012, ISBN 978-0-5216-7778-3 , pp. 6-12. 339-340 (English).
- Henner von Hesberg , Silvio Panciera: The mausoleum of Augustus. The building and its inscriptions. Publishing house of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences, Munich 1994, ISBN 3-7696-0103-3 , pp. 98-108 (Italian).
- John Pollini : The Portraiture of Gaius and Lucius Caesar. Fordham University Press, New York 1987, ISBN 978-0-8232-1127-2 (English).
- Reinhard Wolters : Gaius and Lucius Caesar as designated consuls and principes iuventutis. The lex Valeria Cornelia and RIC I 2 205ff. In: Chrion . Volume 32, 2002, pp. 297-323.
- Paul Zanker : Augustus and the power of images. 2nd Edition. Beck, Munich 1990, pp. 218-226.
- Viktor Gardthausen : Iulius 145 . In: Paulys Realencyclopadie der classischen Antiquity Science (RE). Volume X, 1, Stuttgart 1918, Col. 472 f.
Lucius Caesar is also treated in all Augustus biographies.
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Lucius Julius Caesar|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Adopted son of Augustus|
|DATE OF BIRTH||17 BC Chr.|
|DATE OF DEATH||August 20, 2|
|Place of death||Marseille|