Lucius Licinius Lucullus (Consul 151 BC)

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Lucius Licinius Lucullus was a Roman politician of the 2nd century BC. Chr.

As homo novus Lucullus was 151 v. Chr. Consul and received Hispania Citerior to the province. At that time Rome was at war with the Celtiberians and the consul had difficulties recruiting because many soldiers feared being deployed in the Spanish theater of war. According to one version, Lucullus was imprisoned by the tribunes for having pushed the levy too rough. When he reached Hispania , he was disappointed to find that the Celtiberians had made peace. Allegedly out of greed, he attacked the Vacceans , who in turn were supported by the Cantabrians . First he took action against the city of Cauca , concluded a contract with the residents, but had the men slaughtered from behind after the city gates were opened. As a result, Intercatia (50 km northeast of Zamora ) refused to submit. Even after a long siege, the Romans were unable to conquer the city and eventually withdrew after taking hostages and delivering food. Also Pallantia defended himself successfully against the troops of the consul, who retired then and wintered in Turdetanien.

Lucullus advanced as proconsul in 150 BC. On the field against the Lusitans and caused a terrible bloodbath among them; in doing so, he acted in a similarly violating manner and cruelly as the praetor of Hispania ulterior , Servius Sulpicius Galba . This behavior of the Roman generals triggered the uprising of the Lusitans under Viriatus , which occupied the world power for a long time . After his return from the Iberian Peninsula, Lucullus commissioned the construction of a temple for Felicitas in Velabrum ; because the establishment of this 142 BC He had praised the shrine consecrated to BC during his war in Spain.



  1. Livy , periochae 48.
  2. Relevant for Lucullus' Spanish campaign of 151 BC. Is the report of the Appian ( Iberica 49-55) going back to Polybius .
  3. Appian, Iberica 51f.
  4. Appian, Iberica 53f.
  5. ^ Appian, Iberica 55.
  6. ^ Appian, Iberica 59 and 61.
  7. ^ Cassius Dio , Fragment 76, 2 and Book XLIII, 21, 1.