Margaret McPhun

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Margaret McPhun

Margaret Pollock McPhun (born July 8, 1876 , † 1960 ) was a Scottish suffragette in Glasgow .


Margaret McPhun was the daughter of John Pollock McPhun, a timber merchant and councilor in the city's East End, a city councilor and a member of the Magistrate's Court . As a young girl, she sometimes attended a girls' high school in Hanover . She studied psychology at the University of Glasgow until 1897 , while her sister Frances Mary, born in 1870, studied economics there. Her younger sister, Nessie McPhun, was also a suffragette.

The three sisters, who were then living at 10 Doune Terrace in Glasgow's Hillhead neighborhood , were members of the university's franchise and joined the Women's Social and Political Union (WSPU) in 1909 , a militant suffragette movement. In 1910 Margaret McPhun was honorary organization secretary for the Scottish Suffragette Exhibition (Scottish Suffrage Exhibition), 1911 and 1912 honorary secretary of the WSPU district of Glasgow.

About 1912: Helen Crawfurd , Janet Barrowman, Margaret McPhun, Wilson, Frances McPhun, Nancy A. John, and Annie S. Swan

In 1912, Margaret McPhun was WSPU press secretary for Scotland at the time, the two sisters Frances and Margaret traveled with other Scottish suffragettes to London to promote their cause by breaking windows in government buildings in March of that year. They were arrested and sent to Holloway Prison . During their imprisonment, the two McPhun sisters used the family name "Campbell" to pseudonymize their identity and to avoid receiving preferential treatment towards prisoners of the so-called working class . In April 1912 the sisters went on a hunger strike .

While in detention, she most likely wrote under the abbreviation “M. M'P. ”The poem To A Fellow Prisoner (Miss Janie Allan) , collected by Nancy A. John and then published by the Glasgow WSPU District Association in her collection of poems Holloway Jingles in 1912 . Janie Allan (1868–1968), a militant Glaswegian suffragette who was also present at the window pane actions and was also imprisoned in Holloway, was the initiator of the hunger strike based on the strategy of resistance first applied by Marion Dunlop (1864–1942) in 1909 . Thousands of Glasgow residents signed a petition for her release after she was force-fed for a week while on hunger strike . Frances and Margaret McPhun were also force-fed. They preferred to be force-fed by drinking from a cup rather than through a tube inserted into their noses. After they were released after two months in detention, the WSPU gave them medals for their hunger strike.

In the 1930s she and her sister bequeathed a large house in Callander to the Glasgow Guild of Aid as a vacation home for the disadvantaged.


Since Nancy A. John had her own column in the Forward , this published the contributions of the WSPU organ The Suffragette for a while .

Margaret McPhun was entered in the Roll of Honor of Suffragette Prisoners 1905-1914 (7LAC / 2) in The Women's Library of the London School of Economics .


  • McPhun, Miss Margaret Pollock. In: The Suffrage Annual and Women's Who's Who. S. Paul & Company, 1913, p. 307.
  • McPhun, Margaret Pollock. In: Glenda Norquay: Voices and Votes. A Literary Anthology of the Women's Suffrage Campaign. Manchester University Press, 1995, pp. 312 f. ISBN 978-0-719-03976-8
  • McPhun, Margaret Pollock. In: Elizabeth Crawford: The Women's Suffrage Movement. A Reference Guide 1866-1928. Routledge, 2003, p. 404 f. ISBN 978-1-135-43402-1
  • Margaret Pollock McPhun. In: Leah Leneman: A guid cause. The women's suffrage movement in Scotland. Mercat Press, 1995, pp. 111, 190, 216-217, 264. ISBN 978-1-873-64448-5
  • Elizabeth Crawford: The Women's Suffrage Movement: A Reference Guide, 1866-1928 , Routledge, 2003. ISBN 978-0415239264 , page 404, limited preview in Google Book Search
  • Laura E. Nym Mayhall : The Militant Suffrage Movement, Citizenship and Resistance in Britain. Oxford University Press, 2003. ISBN 978-0-195-15993-6

Web links

Commons : Margaret McPhun  - Collection of Images, Videos and Audio Files

Individual evidence

  1. Margaret Pollock McPhun. In: The University of Glasgow Story. University of Glasgow.
  2. ^ A b Nuala Naughton: Glasgow's East End. From Bishops to Barraboys. Random House, 2014, p. 81. ISBN 978-1-780-57797-5
  3. ^ Maggie Craig: When the Clyde Ran Red. A Social History of Red Clydeside. Birlinn Ltd, 2019, p. 74.
  4. ^ A b Burrell Collection Photo Library: Margaret McPhun
  5. a b Russell Findlay: Growing calls for Government to issue official apology to Suffragettes who fought to win vote for women. Daily Record, November 18, 2012.
  6. Frances M. McPhun (1880–1940) & Margaret McPhun (1876–1960). In: The Suffragette Handkerchief at the Priest Huse, West Hoathly. The Sussex Archaeological Society, August 2011, pp. 7 f.
  7. Holloway Jingles. Edinburgh City Libraries.
  8. M. M'P .: To A Fellow Prisoner (Miss Janie Allan). In: Glenda Norquay: Voices and Votes. A Literary Anthology of the Women's Suffrage Campaign. Manchester University Press, 1995, p. 176.
  9. ^ A Fellow Prisoner (Miss Janie Allan).
  10. a b A Fellow Prisoner (Miss Janie Allan).
  11. ^ Maggie Craig: When the Clyde Ran Red. A Social History of Red Clydeside. Birlinn Ltd., 2018, pp. 57, 96. 978-0-857-90996-1
  12. Angela McManus: Adele Patrick remembers Glasgow's suffragettes. EveningTimes, October 10, 2015.
  13. Elizabeth Crawford: The Women's Suffrage Movement: A Reference Guide 1866-1928.
  14. ^ Roll of Honor of Suffragette Prisoners 1905–1914 The Women's Library, London School of Economics, London University.