Human-computer interaction

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Human-computer interaction (often called HCI abbreviated English Human-computer interaction ) the design and use of explored computer technology at the interface between people (users) and computers. Researchers in the HCI field are concerned with the way people interact with computers and design technologies. In addition to the findings are computer science and those from the psychology (especially the media psychology ), the ergonomics , the cognitive science , the ergonomics , the sociology and the design used.

A higher-level area is human-machine interaction (or human-machine communication), which deals with similar issues but generalizes the human interaction partner to the machine. In any case, the overall system of man, interface and the technical system behind it becomes a man-machine system .

As a research area, human-computer interaction is at the interface between computer science, behavioral science, design, media studies and several other fields of study. The term was popularized by Stuart K. Card , Allen Newell, and Thomas P. Moran in their 1983 book, The Psychology of Human-Computer Interaction , although the authors first used the term in 1980. The first known use was in 1975. The term means that, unlike other tools with limited uses (like a hammer, useful for driving nails, but not much else), a computer has many uses and this is as a an open dialogue takes place between the user and the computer. The concept of dialogue recognizes the human-computer interaction to the human-to-human interaction, an analogy that is decisive for theoretical considerations in this area.


The most important international conference series in the field of human-computer interaction is the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) conference Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI). It is organized by the Special Interest Group on Computer-Human Interaction , a thematic group of the ACM . There are also a large number of international conferences on human-computer interaction, some with a focus on a specific area such as the ACM MobileHCI . The national conference on human-computer interaction between humans and computers has been organized annually since 2001 by the "Human-Computer Interaction" department of the Society for Computer Science .


Human-computer interaction as a subject is strongly interdisciplinary and mostly interdisciplinary. The course combines theoretical basics from computer science and psychology with application-oriented topics from the areas of software development, information systems and design sciences.

Research institutions

  • Human-Computer Interaction Center of RWTH Aachen (HCIC), RWTH Aachen

See also


  • Georg Geiser: Human-machine communication . Oldenbourg, Munich 1990, ISBN 3-486-21505-1 .
  • Hans J. Charwat: Lexicon of man-machine communication . Oldenbourg, Munich 1994, ISBN 3-486-22618-5 .
  • Andreas M. Heinecke: Human-Computer Interaction. Basic knowledge for developers and designers . 2nd Edition. Springer, Berlin 2011, ISBN 978-3-642-13506-4 .
  • Michael Herczeg: software ergonomics. Basics of human-computer communication . Addison-Wesley, Bonn 1994, ISBN 3-89319-615-3 .
  • Markus Dahm: Basics of human-computer interaction . Pearson Studies, New York 2006, ISBN 3-8273-7175-9 .
  • Alan Dix et al. a .: Human-Computer Interaction . Pearson Prentice Hall, New York 2004, ISBN 0-13-046109-1 (English).
  • Bernhard Preim: Development of interactive systems . Springer, Berlin 1999, ISBN 3-540-65648-0 .
  • Paul Chlebek: User Interface-Oriented Software Architecture . Vieweg + Teubner, Mainz 2006, ISBN 978-3-8348-0162-3 .
  • Rainer Dorau: Emotional interaction design. Gestures and facial expressions in interactive systems . Springer, Heidelberg / Dordrecht / London / New York 2011, ISBN 978-3-642-03100-7 .
  • Michael Friedewald: Concepts of human-computer communication in the 1960s: JCR Licklider, Douglas Engelbart and the computer as an intelligence amplifier . In: Technikgeschichte, Vol. 67 (2000), H. 1, pp. 1-24.

Web links

Commons : human-computer interaction  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Research Group Human-Computer Interaction and Visual Analytics (VIS), Darmstadt University of Applied Sciences. Retrieved April 30, 2019 (American English).
  2. Human-Computer Interaction Center at RWTH Aachen University (HCIC). Accessed January 30, 2020 .