Michael S. Hart

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Michael Hart (left) and Gregory Newby , CEO of Project Gutenberg, 2006

Michael Stern Hart (born March 8, 1947 in Tacoma , Washington , † September 6, 2011 in Urbana , Illinois ) was an American writer and founder of the Gutenberg Project .


Hart is considered a pioneer in book digitization. As a student, he was inspired to the idea of ​​making books available for free online. On July 4, 1971, the anniversary of the United States ' Declaration of Independence , he received a copy of the Declaration of Independence. He typed the text that evening and finally posted it online via the University of Illinois network . This was the beginning of his constant effort to make literature freely accessible electronically - with the spread of the Internet , he founded the Gutenberg project . Hart himself typed hundreds of books. He died in 2011 at the age of 64.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Founder of Project Gutenberg died in: NZZ Online from September 8, 2011.
  2. Obituary on heise.de .
  3. ^ Project Gutenberg founder dies aged 64 , The Guardian , September 10, 2011