Michu (Silla)

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Korean spelling
Hangeul 미추 이사금
Hanja 味 鄒 尼 師 今
Michu Isageum
Mich'u Isagŭm
Michu Barrow in Daereungwon

Michu Isageum was the 13th ruler of the Korean kingdom of Silla . He ruled from AD 262 to 284 and was the founder of the Kim dynasty . A total of 38 kings of Sillas emerged from this.

According to tradition, he was the son of Kim Kudo and the seventh descendant in the direct line of male ancestors of Kim Alji , the mythical ancestor of the Kims. This descent served as legitimation for Michu's accession to the throne. During his tenure, Michu fended off the invasion of Baekje and developed agriculture.

Michu's tomb is part of the Daereungwon complex in the South Korean city ​​of Gyeongju , the ancient capital of Silla. When the Japanese invaded Silla during the reign of his successor Yuryes , legend has it that soldiers with bamboo leaves in their ears came out of the grave and beat the invaders. The grave was examined archaeologically in 1974. In the king's tomb, the archaeologists of the Gyeongju Michu Royal Tomb Area Excavation Research Group , founded in 1973, found, among other things, a golden sword (Geumjegamjangbogeom) , which has an unusual shape in Korea. Its decorations are reminiscent of a western style, which indicates a cultural exchange with Europe or Central Asia during this period. A clay pot ( National Treasure No. 195) with small figures comes from the same grave .

Hyegong, the 36th King Sillas (765–780), had the Omyo built, a shrine in Gyeongju in which Michu and four other earlier kings are venerated.

Individual evidence

  1. a b Soyoung Lee, Denise Patry Leidy: Silla: Korea's Golden Kingdom , p. 21.
  2. Iryŏn: Overlooked Historical Records of the Three Kingdoms Korean (2006), p 2369th
  3. Rudolf Kranewitter: Dynamics of Religion: Shamanism, Confucianism, Buddhism and Christianity in the History of Korea from the Stone Age Settlement of the Country to the End of the 20th Century (2005), p. 109.
  4. The burial custom in the world: The Neung of The Silla's King Michu , accessed February 2, 2017.
  5. Gyeongju National Research Institute of Cultural Heritage: Purpose of Establishment ( Memento of the original dated February 2, 2017 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , accessed February 2, 2017. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.nrich.go.kr
  6. ^ Lonely Planet South Korea.