|Korean alphabet :||경주시|
|Chinese characters :||慶 州市|
|Revised Romanization :||Gyeongju-si|
|Residents:||277,185 (as of 2010)|
|Population density :||209 inhabitants per km²|
|Structure:||4 eup , 8 myeon , 11 dong|
|Postal code :||38056-38201, 38210|
Gyeongju is a city in southeastern South Korea and a former capital with many historical sites as a tourist destination. It is located in the southeast of the Gyeongsangbuk-do Province , near the coast of the Sea of Japan (East Korean Sea) . Nearby cities also include the industrial centers of Pohang and Ulsan . Numerous hills, foothills of the Taebaek Mountains , lie in the city area.
Gyeongju was under the name Seorabol - also called Geumseong (gold fortress) - the capital of the ancient Kingdom of Silla and also of the United Silla Empire, which encompassed almost all of Korea, a fact that is responsible for today's fame. The kingdom emerged at the beginning of the 1st century and ruled most of the Korean Peninsula from the 7th century to the 9th century. A large number of historical sites from this period can still be visited today. After the fall of the kingdom, Gyeongju lost its importance. The capitals of Korea have since been located in central Korea.
In the 1920s, the first royal tombs from the 7th to 9th centuries were opened and unusual gold discoveries were made. In and around Gyeongju there are numerous lawns up to 25 m high, which were long thought to be natural elevations, but are actually barrows of the kings and aristocrats Sillas.
Today, Gyeongju is a typical medium-sized city that follows the economic, demographic and social trends of modern South Korea. Nevertheless, the city has retained its identity, which is also due to the fact that no skyscrapers are allowed to be built in Gyeongju. These can be found a little off the beaten track in the Bomunho Resort , where several large hotel buildings and an amusement park were built. One of the most famous tourist destinations in South Korea, the city benefits economically from its proximity to major industrial centers such as Ulsan . Gyeongju is connected to both the national railway and highway network.
Seokguram Temple and Bulguksa Temple were the first UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Korea in 1995 . In 2000, Gyeongju's other historical sites were added to the World Heritage List, including Daereungwon , Cheomseongdae , Banwolseong and Hwangnyongsa .
Local sports clubs
With Gyeongju KHNP FC , Gyeongju Citizen FC , the city is home to two men's soccer clubs . The city is also home to a women's soccer team from the WK League , Gyeongju KHNP WFC . In addition, the Gyeongju City Sports Festival is held annually in Gyeongju Stadium . The city is also known for the Gyeongju International Marathon , which also takes place annually.
Between 2000 and 2009 there was also a women's hockey team , the Gyeongju City HC . Also Futsal was in town with the club Gyeongju Soonwoo FC represented, which in the FK-League played. In addition to the Gyeongju Stadium, there is also the Gyeongju Sports Arena in Gyeongju , which was built between 1996 and 1998.
|Third highest division||Korea National League||Gyeongju KHNP FC||Gyeongju Stadium|
|Fourth highest||K3 League Advance||Gyeongju Citizen FC||Gyeongju Stadium|
|Top division||WK League||Gyeongju KHNP WFC||Gyeongju Stadium|
World Heritage Site Seokguram Temple and Bulguksa Temple :
World Heritage Historic Sites of Gyeongju :
- Cheomseongdae Observatory
- Bunhwangsa and Hwangnyongsa temples
- Wolji (formerly Anapji, pond system)
- Seokbinggo cold store
- Tumuli Park with groups of tombs Daereungwon , Noseori , Nodongri and Oreong
- Gyeongju National Museum
- Market hall
- Gyeongju Folklore Village
- Brandy and Rice Cake Festival
Gyeongju lists the following eight twin cities :
|Iksan||North Jeolla, South Korea||1998|
|Inglewood||California, United States||1990|
|Xi'an||Shaanxi, People's Republic of China||1994|
- Website of the city (Engl.)
- Gyeongju National Museum (Engl.)
- Gyeongju Folklore Village (Korean)
- Entry on the UNESCO World Heritage Center website ( English and French ).
- Nelles Guide Korea .
- Gyeongju: Echoes of Empire. In: 10 magazines. Vol. 2, 2010, No. 4, accessed March 8, 2010.
- Gyeongju is Korea - Golden City, Gyeongju> Sister Cities. Retrieved January 14, 2017 .