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奈良 市
Geographical location in Japan
Nara (Japan)
Red pog.svg
Region : Kinki
Prefecture : Nara
Coordinates : 34 ° 41 ′  N , 135 ° 48 ′  E Coordinates: 34 ° 41 ′ 7 "  N , 135 ° 48 ′ 18"  E
Basic data
Surface: 276.84 km²
Residents : 353,989
(October 1, 2019)
Population density : 1279 inhabitants per km²
Community key : 29201-0
Flag / coat of arms:
Flag / coat of arms of Nara
Tree : Quercus gilva
Flower : Prunus serrulata var. Antiqua
Bird : Japanese Bush Warbler
town hall
Address : Nara City Hall
1 - 1 - 1 , Nijō Ōji Minami
Nara -shi
Nara  630-8580
Website URL:
Location Naras in Nara Prefecture
Location of Naras in the prefecture
Daibutsu in Todai-ji

Nara ( Japanese 奈良 市 , -shi ) is a city and the administrative seat of the Nara prefecture of the same name in the south of the Japanese main island of Honshū .

There are several universities in Nara . The textile and food industries are economically important.


Nara was in the Nara period from 710 to 784 under the name Heijō-kyō the capital of Japan . Most of the large temple complexes date from this time. Although the city lost its importance after the capital was moved to Kyoto , the Buddhist temples and Shinto shrines gradually expanded their power and survived to this day.

In 1180, a large part of the city was destroyed in an attack by the Taira . Tōdai-ji and Kōfuku-ji were reconstructed and the city expanded.

Nara was officially founded in its current administrative form on February 1, 1898.


Because of its many old and well-preserved temples, Nara is one of the most important tourist destinations in Japan. Several temples, shrines and ruins in and around Nara are part of the UNESCO - World Heritage , including Tōdai-ji , Hokke-dō , Kofuku-ji , Kasuga Shrine , Gango Ji , Yakushi-ji , Toshodai-ji and the remains of Heijō Palace . Another well-known temple is the Ryōsen-ji .

The Nara Park with its sika deer is also known .

From 1961 to 2006 Nara was the location of the amusement park Nara Dreamland , the design of which was closely based on Disneyland in California.


Important festivals

date Firmly place
Sunday before the 2nd Monday in January Yamayaki (grass burning) ceremony Mount Wakakusa
January 23 Konin-e ceremony Daian-ji
3 February Demon casting ceremony Kofuku-ji
February 11th Kigen festival Kashihara-jingu
March 1st - 14th Shunie (water drawing) ceremony Tōdai-ji
March 13th Saru festival Kasuga Taisha
March 30th - April 5th Flower offering ceremony Yakushi-ji
17th April Hina-e-shiki ceremony Hokke-ji
1st half of April Blossom of the five-colored camellia tree Byakugō-ji
April 8th Oitamatsu ceremony Shin-Yakushi-ji
2nd weekend in April Ochamori (Great Tea) Ceremony Saidai-ji
May 19th Uchiwa-maki (fan throwing) ceremony Toshodai-ji
June 5-7 Kaisan-ki (ceremony for the founder's death) Toshodai-ji
17th of June Saigusa (lily) festival Isakawa-ji
June 30th Shinhen Togyo ceremony Isonokami-jingū
July 28th Degyo-e ceremony Tōdai-ji
August 7th Ritual cleaning of the Buddha statue Tōdai-ji
14./15. August Illuminated Lantern Ceremony Kasuga Taisha
September Cosmos flowers Hannya-ji
Full moon in September Uneme festival Uneme-ji
Full moon in September Moon viewing Toshodai-ji
Sundays and bank holidays in October Cutting the deer antlers Nara Park at Kasuga Taisha
October 12th Daimoku-take ceremony Hacchu-ji
15th October Togyo ceremony Isonokami-jingū
2nd Sunday in November Jion-e ceremony Yakushiki-ji or Kofuku -ji
December 15-18 Kasuga Wakamiya On-matsuri Kasuga Taisha


Town twinning

sons and daughters of the town

Neighboring cities and communities

See also

Web links

Commons : Nara  - collection of images, videos and audio files