As a legal requirement to carry the obligation referred to wear something with them in order to use it immediately in demand or emergency (service weapon, first aid kit ) or can show immediately and on the spot to make it in legitimate control. Certain IDs and other documents entitle you to enter a site or building ( entrance ticket , employee ID ) or to carry out an activity ( driver's license , fishing license ).
The obligation to carry personal identification documents is the obligation of citizens to always be able to prove their identity by means of an official document; often from a certain minimum age.
Proof of identity
In Germany , there is according to § 1 PAuswG an identification requirement , but the result is not a general requirement to carry identification documents. A special case in which an identity card or passport has to be carried is, for example, carrying a weapon ( Section 38 WaffG ). In addition, the law on combating sees undeclared work a legal requirement to carry an identity card for workers in certain sectors before, for example in the construction or in the catering industry to be able to identify themselves to customs officials ( § 2a SchwarzArbG ).
In the GDR , from the age of 14, it was compulsory to carry the identity card valid there . Until German reunification , an identity card was also required to be carried in West Berlin , which was based on legal ordinances of the victorious powers of World War II .
Further legal obligations to carry
- When driving vehicles on public roads, a driver's license must be carried with you in accordance with Section 4, Paragraph 2 of the Driving License Ordinance (FeV) and handed over to a responsible person for inspection upon request. The same applies to Part I of the registration certificate in accordance with Section 11 (6) of the Vehicle Registration Ordinance (FZV) . In addition, according to Section 53a, Paragraph 2 of the StVZO, a warning triangle and a safety vest must be carried in the vehicle and, according to Section 35h, Paragraphs 1, 3 and 4 of the StVZO, a first aid kit must be carried. These must be handed over to the responsible persons for review in accordance with Section 31b StVZO.
- When fishing , a fishing license and a water license must usually be carried with you in accordance with the state fishing law applicable in the respective federal state .
- In accordance with § 15 BJagdG, a valid hunting license must be carried with you when hunting is justified .
In the Netherlands , since January 1, 2005, all persons over the age of 14 are required to be able to show proof of identity to authorized authorities at any time (“identification requirement”). However, there is no specific provision in the law that requires that you always have an identity document with you. In practice, however, the obligation to identify is equivalent to an obligation to carry it in order to satisfy the obligation to identify. In contrast to a general obligation to carry you, you need a valid reason to be asked for ID.
- Native Urban Areas Act (relating to passport laws in South Africa)
- ↑ See for example Art. 57 of the Bavarian Fisheries Act (BayFiG)
- ↑ Wet op de identificatieplicht . In: Wetten.nl . Retrieved January 20, 2013.
- ↑ Rijksoverheid: Wat is de identificatieplicht? . Archived from the original on April 29, 2013. Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Retrieved January 20, 2013.