Moholy Nagy University of Arts and Crafts and Design
The Moholy-Nagy University of Art and Design, Budapest ( MOME ) ( Hungarian Moholy-Nagy Művészeti Egyetem ), former Hungarian University of Art and Design, is located in Budapest , Hungary. The university is engaged in the education of traditional handicrafts as well as architecture, design and visual communication. It was named after the painter, designer and photographer László Moholy-Nagy .
The predecessor of the Moholy-Nagy University of Art and Design, Budapest, was the Hungarian Royal Hungarian School of Applied Arts, founded in 1880. Like other European art schools, it developed from an industrial school with a handicraft character. Its founder and first director Gusztáv Keleti declared that "educational support for a larger artistic wood and furniture industry" was the aim of the new institution. The spirit of the school was largely influenced by the Arts and Crafts movement in Great Britain as well as by Hungarian folklore . In the beginning there was only one department teaching building drawing and design. Goldsmithing and xylography classes were introduced in 1883, decorative painting and engraving in 1884. The decorative sculpture class founded in 1885 combined sculpture and wood carving. In 1896 the school, scattered in different parts of Budapest, moved to the new Museum of Applied Arts and came under the direction of Kamill Flitter. The number of students enrolled at that time was 120.
Foundation and development of the university
The idea of converting the school into a college arose in the early 1940s, but the rigors of the war years initially prevented this step. After the damage caused by the Second World War had been repaired , classes were resumed in March 1945 and preparations for the redesign of the university continued. In 1946 the ministry decided to raise the rank of college and so the Arts and Crafts Academy was established.
In 1950 there were already six courses and the number of students rose to 280 by 1952. In 1954, parts of the academy moved to its current location in Zugligeti út, but some of the workshops (textile and ceramics institute) remained in Kinizsi utca in the annex of the Museum of Applied Art. In 1955, with the completion of the theater and stage design course, another reorganization took place. Four courses remained: interior design, decorative painting, decorative sculpture and textile design. In 1959, the industrial design course was initiated.
Frigyes Pogány, the new director since 1964, ushered in a new era of reforms with the growing recognition of the social role of applied arts. In 1971 the college was granted university rank. In 1982, under István Gergely, another series of new reforms was introduced: students were given a university degree. Furthermore, the range of courses was expanded in the mid-1980s with the establishment of photography, video and art management courses. With the appointment of the renowned ceramic artist Imre Schrammel as director, the corresponding university education was introduced at the same time, and the departments were newly established. Due to financial bottlenecks in 1997, the structure of the institution was changed again.
The university was accredited in 1998.
In 2002 a far-reaching plan was drawn up which, in the first phase, required the removal of the Tölgyfa Gallery in Henger Strasse and the renovation of the main university building in the same year. The current president of the university is József Fülöp.
In March 2006 the Hungarian University of Art and Design was renamed Moholy-Nagy University of Art and Design, Budapest .
- University website (English, Hungarian)