Course of study

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As a degree program , field of study or field of study is called on universities and other institutions of higher education the specific structure and the professional orientation of studies . According to the relevant study regulations, it is divided into a curriculum of courses that must be completed within a certain period of time in order to obtain a degree .

Differentiation of terms

Most of the time, the terms subject, course and field of study are used synonymously . In a narrower sense, however, studies designated times the general academic field in which the study is completed, while studies gang a certain degree represents the exact structure as results from the specific study regulations of the respective university, including the prescribed examinations , as well as the Type and designation of the degree sought. This means that it is also possible to study several subjects in one and the same course. The direction of study in turn stands for a certain specialization within the course. A university degree in a certain subject can therefore differ significantly depending on the choice of course and direction.

An example to illustrate: The studies gang "Sociology, Politics and Economics ( BA )" at the Zeppelin University involves the study fan sociology , politics and economics . By taking a certain number of courses in one of these subjects, a focus can be chosen as the direction of study .

Types of courses and subjects

When the universities emerged in the 12th century, there were four main directions, which were classified according to their importance: theology , medicine , canon law and the artes liberales . These “liberal arts” became the origin for the humanities and social sciences and the natural sciences , which emerged in the modern era (especially the late modern era).

Nowadays there are a variety of different courses and subjects. A selection can be found under Category: Subject .

Major and minor subjects

In some courses, apart from the specialization through a specific field of study, it is also possible to choose a minor (study) subject in addition to the main (study) subject. In terms of content, this can often be completely unrelated to the subject and thus bring about the interdisciplinarity of a course. While some courses make the choice of a minor subject compulsory, other universities give their students the option to do this themselves. Since the choice of a minor is made within a course, this process must be distinguished from a double course , which describes the simultaneous completion of several courses.

Major and Minor

Especially in the English-speaking world , the choice is a minor subject ( Minor ) supplementing the main subject ( Major ) in Bachelor -Studies ( undergraduate spread). A minor is usually achieved by voluntarily completing other courses in addition to the majors' prescribed curriculum. In contrast to the German-speaking countries, where the choice of a minor subject is usually already provided for in the study regulations of the degree program and the semester hours for the major subject are usually reduced accordingly (the total effort remains the same), the minor thus provides an independent additional " small “study. Accordingly, the minor is only completed by particularly high-performing students.

Web links

Wiktionary: degree program  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations
Wiktionary: subject of study  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual references / comments

  1. In Germany, for most subjects, a minimum length of study is specified in the special study laws and the study regulations of the respective university. In Austria, the University Act 2002 only uses the term 'duration of study', which is to be understood as a guideline. In both cases this number of semesters is exceeded by the students for various reasons. After graduating from a university, a doctoral degree with the aim of obtaining a doctorate is possible in principle.