Museum for Prehistory and Early History of Thuringia

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West view of the museum

The Museum of Prehistory and Early History of Thuringia in Weimar combines a museum with a 1000 m² exhibition area and the Thuringian State Office for Monument Preservation and Archeology under one roof, which is responsible for the museum. The address of the museum is: Humboldtstraße 11, 99423 Weimar.


The as Posecks'sche house known building was 1790/91 of Anton Georg Hauptmann designed by the court architect Rudolf Steiner built

The initiative to found a museum came from the Natural Science Association in 1888. Shortly after it was founded, the museum gained supraregional importance thanks to Pleistocene finds from the Ilm valley around Weimar. The house, which soon passed into municipal ownership, increasingly provided an overview of the geological, natural history and historical conditions in the Grand Duchy of Saxony-Weimar-Eisenach . The Weimar City Museum itself has its roots in this initiative.

This only minor archaeological focus shifted due to significant finds from Taubach, Weimar-Ehringsdorf and Süßenborn. This massive change in the overall direction made the museum more suitable for archaeological and anthropological congresses. The 43rd meeting of the German Anthropological Society took place in 1912 and the Paleontological Society in 1925 .

Under the direction of Günter Behm-Blancke , the museum became a center of archaeological and Quaternary paleontological research after the Second World War .


400,000 year old tools and hunting remains of Homo erectus from Bilzingsleben as well as the Paleolithic finds from the travertine layers of Weimar-Ehringsdorf will be presented . Numerous originals of the most important excavations from the Neolithic to the Middle Ages - including unique finds from the Germanic princely grave of Haßleben and from the Germanic sacrificial moor in Niederdorla , reconstructions and installations are part of the exhibition. Another turning point was the establishment of the Institute for Quaternary Paleontology under the direction of Hans-Dietrich Kahlke , which was affiliated to the Senckenberg Research Institute in 2000 , so that numerous artefacts are now located there. The remaining core of the collections in the Thuringian Museum is the anthropological collection with the important remains of hominids from Weimar-Ehringsdorf and Bilzingsleben, where excavations have taken place since 1992.



  • Sven Ostritz (Hrsg.): The museum for prehistory and early history of Thuringia. ( Archaeological hiking guide Thuringia. Issue 18). Beier & Beran, Langenweißbach 2019, ISBN 978-3-95741-060-3 .

Web links

Commons : Museum of Prehistory and Early History of Thuringia  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Architecture of the Museum of Prehistory and Early History in Thuringia. In: Retrieved June 12, 2020 .
  2. Volker Wahl: The “Entrepreneur” of Weimar On the biography of court hunter Anton Georg Hauptmann (1735–1803). In: Weimar-Jena, the big city. The cultural-historical archive. Volume 8, Issue 4. Vopelius, Jena 2015, ISSN  1869-7895 , pp. 391–419. Here p. 405.
  3. ^ Collection of the Museum of Prehistory and Early History in Thuringia. In: Retrieved June 12, 2020 .
  4. Weimar monographs on prehistory and early history. In: Retrieved June 11, 2020 .

Coordinates: 50 ° 58 ′ 31.8 "  N , 11 ° 19 ′ 33.8"  E