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Myrtillocactus geometrizans

Myrtillocactus geometrizans

Nuclear eudicotyledons
Order : Clove-like (Caryophyllales)
Family : Cactus family (Cactaceae)
Subfamily : Cactoideae
Tribe : Pachycereeae
Genre : Myrtillocactus
Scientific name

Myrtillocactus is a genus of plants from the cactus family(Cactaceae). The botanical name of the genus is derived from the Greek word "myrtillo" for small and myrtle- likeand refers to the fruits thatlook similar tothose of the myrtle .


The species of the genus Myrtillocactus grow bushy or tree-like, with more or less upright branches. The ribbed shoots carry areoles from which similar thorns arise.

The small, radial symmetry flowers arise in clusters of up to 9 flowers. They open during the day and sometimes stay open until the night. Your flower cup and the flower tube are somewhat woolly and covered with small scales.

The small, spherical fruits are berry-like and taste sweet. They contain broadly oval, somewhat matt black-brown seeds .

Systematics and distribution

The distribution area of ​​the species of the genus Myrtillocactus extends from Guatemala to the south of central Mexico and the north of northern Mexico and includes Baja California . The genus was first described in 1897 by Michelangelo Console , when he put the Cereus geometrizans, described by Ludwig Georg Karl Pfeiffer in 1837, into an independent genus. The type species of the genus is therefore Cereus geometrizans .

The genus includes the following species:

Myrtillocereus Frič & Kreuz is a synonym for the genus .



Individual evidence

  1. ^ Michelangelo Console: Myrtillocactus, nuovo genere di Cactaceae . In: Bollettino del Reale Orto Botanico di Palermo . Volume 1, Number 1, 1897, pp. 8-10 ( online ).
  2. ^ Edward F. Anderson : The great cactus lexicon . Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2005, ISBN 3-8001-4573-1 , p. 436-437 .

further reading

  • Carl Djerassi, S. Burstein, H. Estrada, AJ Lemin, AE Lippman, A. Manjarrez, HG Monsimer: Terpenoids. XXVIII. The Triterpene Composition of the Genus Myrtillocactus . In: Journal of the American Chemical Society . Volume 79, number 13, 1957, pp. 3525-3528, DOI: 10.1021 / ja01570a060 .
  • David Hernández-López, Fabrice Vaillant, Rosalia Reynoso-Camacho, Salvador-Horacio Guzman-Maldonado: Myrtillocactus (cactaceae): botanical, agronomic, physicochemical and chemical characteristics of fruits . In: Fruits . Volume 63, 2008, pp. 269-276, DOI: 10.1051 / fruits: 2008042 .
  • Salvador Horacio Guzmán-Maldonado, Guadalupe Herrera-Hernándeza, David Hernández-López, Rosalia Reynoso-Camacho, Abril Guzmán-Tovar, Fabrice Vaillant, Pierre Brat: Physicochemical, nutritional and functional characteristics of two underutilized fruit cactus species (Myrtillocus) produced in centralized Mexico . In: Food Chemistry . Volume 121, number 2, 2010, pp. 381-386, DOI: 10.1016 / j.foodchem.2009.12.039 .

Web links

Commons : Myrtillocactus  - collection of images, videos and audio files