Oral performance

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The oral exam is in many schools of the performance evaluation and is based on the contribution of students to the school. It is usually shown in the form of an oral grade as a number and goes, for example, in North Rhine-Westphalia as well as in many other federal states together with other grades, such as B. the results of short performance assessments, presentations, written participation in lessons, etc. in the grade for "other participation". Together with the written grades, this then forms the final grade ( certificate ). Depending on factors such as the federal state, subject, grade level and the structure of the lesson, the proportion of other achievements in the certificate grade can vary greatly, whereby in language subjects the oral achievements tend to have a higher priority. In terms of school law, the proportion is partly not determined or only a framework is given. The weighting is therefore incumbent either on the respective specialist conference or on the individual teachers and can therefore be very different within a school. This can be a proportion of around 50%, with weightings of 1/3 to 2/3 or 40:60 also often being found. The decision to give greater weight to oral or written performance is made on the basis of the number of class work and exams in a school (half) year or other performance with particular weight.

In practice, the other grade is often incorrectly referred to as the oral grade.

In Baden-Württemberg , according to the transparency decree , the subject teacher reports this ratio at the beginning of the school year .

The grading ordinance of the state of Baden-Württemberg states: “The general criteria for assessing performance in the individual subjects or subject groups must be explained by the subject teacher to the pupils and, if asked, to their legal guardians as well as to those responsible for the vocational education of the pupils. The performance evaluation in a subject is based on all of the work done by the student in connection with the lesson. The formation of the grade in a subject is an overall pedagogical and technical evaluation of the performance achieved by the student in the assessment period. "

The text in Rhineland-Palatinate is similar . The ordinance of the Saxon State Ministry for Culture on general high schools and the Abitur examination in the Free State of Saxony stipulates that the criteria must be "verifiably" presented ( Section 22 (7) SOGYA).

For Hessen there is also the mandatory instruction of older pupils about their oral grade, if it says: "At least once every six months pupils are instructed about their oral performance level."

In the Standing Conference of the Ministers of Education and Cultural Affairs there is broad agreement on the increased evaluation of oral performance in reading and spelling poor pupils, as well as in the initial lessons of elementary schools .


According to the decrees of the ministries (e.g.), the oral grade is based on the students' contributions to a class discussion . However, this form of teaching is considered to be very little effective in learning and should therefore take up little space in the classroom. The obligation, perceived by many teachers, to assign oral grades (in real terms only one other grade has to be given, which may have an oral component), however, results in a tendency to extend the class discussion considerably beyond what is pedagogically meaningful.


  1. 3rd section Determination of student performance § 7 General. Ordinance of the Ministry of Culture on the formation of grades in Baden-Württemberg.
  2. § 37 Announcement of the performance evaluation, return of student work. School regulations for the public vocational schools in Rhineland-Palatinate.
  3. § 30 grading. Ordinance on structuring the school relationship. State of Hesse.
  4. http://db2.nibis.de/1db/cuvo/daten/kc_gym_deutsch_nib.pdf
  5. Classroom discussion: Questioning, developing lessons, Socratic dialogue and student discussions