Étienne-Denis Pasquier

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Étienne-Denis Pasquier

Étienne-Denis, duc Pasquier , (born April 22, 1767 in Paris , † July 5, 1862 ibid) was a French statesman .


Pasquier was the son of Étienne Pasquier, Councilor of Parliament, who was guillotined at the beginning of the French Revolution in 1794 . He was also related to the poet and lawyer Étienne Pasquier (1529-1615). He studied law and was also arrested during the French Revolution, but was regained his freedom through Robespierre's fall.

In 1806 he became Maître des requêtes at the Conseil d'État , in 1810 a State Councilor ( conseiller d'État ) and soon after ( Préfet de Police ) Prefect of Police of Paris. With the entry of the allies in Paris in 1814 and Napoleon I fall, (see liberation wars ) he ensured the calm and security of the capital and was by Louis XVIII. appointed general director of bridge and road construction.

During the reign of the Hundred Days he was unemployed, but when Louis XVIII returned for the second time , he became the Grand Seal Keeper ( Minister of Justice ) in the Talleyrand cabinet from July 9 to September 26, 1815 and at the same time Minister of the Interior and, in 1816, President of the Chamber of Peers .

From 1817 to 1818 he was Minister of Justice for the second time . In 1819 he became Foreign Minister under Decazes , but had to cede this to Mathieu de Montmorency-Laval in 1821 , as he was defeated in the address debate.

In the meantime the king had given him peerage , and from then on he exercised great influence on the First Chamber with his excellent speaker talent, supported many arbitrary measures and especially the restriction of the press. On the other hand, however, in 1824 he opposed the reduction in pensions and the law of sacrilege and contributed a great deal to the overthrow of Prime Minister Jean-Baptiste de Villèle .

Ludwig Philipp appointed him President of the Chamber of Peers in 1830, in which position he worked by name to restore peace and fortification. The reward for the demonstrated loyalty and service he rendered to the court as a secret advisor was his appointment as Chancellor of France in 1837 and his elevation to ducal dignity in 1844.

With the February Revolution of 1848 he resigned from the public scene. Since 1842 he was a member of the Académie française .

After his death, his title of duke passed on to his adopted great-nephew Edme Armand Gaston d'Audiffret , who became Duc d'Audiffret-Pasquier . He was also a politician and later also became a member of the Académie française.


  • James K. Kieswetter: Etienne-Denis Pasquier, the last chancellor of France ISBN 0-87169-671-1 (English)

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predecessor Office successor
Claude Carnot-Feulin Minister of the Interior of France
July 7, 1815 - September 26, 1815
Vincent-Marie Viénot, Comte de Vaublanc
Antoine Jacques Claude Joseph Boulay de la Meurthe
Charles, chevalier Dambray
Minister of Justice of France
July 9, 1815 - September 26, 1815
January 19, 1817 - December 29, 1818
François, comte de Barbé-Marbois
Pierre François Hercule, comte de Serre
Jean Joseph Paul Augustin Dessoles Foreign Minister of France
November 19, 1819 - December 14, 1821
Mathieu de Montmorency-Laval