Grading Ordinance (Baden-Württemberg)

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Basic data
Title: Ordinance of the Ministry of Culture
on the formation of grades
Short title: Grade formation regulation
Abbreviation: NVO
Type: regulation
Scope: Baden-Württemberg
Issued on the basis of: Section 35 (3) ,
Section 89 (1–3) SchG
Legal matter: School law , administrative law
References : BWGältV subject area 2206
Issued on: May 5, 1983
( Journal of Laws p. 324)
Entry into force on: August 1, 1984
Last change by: Art. 9 Regulation of April 11, 2012
(Journal of Laws p. 334, 354)
Effective date of the
last change:
August 1, 2012
(Art. 16 Paragraph 1 of April 11, 2012)
Please note the note on the applicable legal version.

The Grade Formation Ordinance (NVO), in the long title Ordinance of the Ministry of Culture on the formation of grades , is an ordinance of the Ministry of Education of the State of Baden-Württemberg from 1983, which contains basic rules for the assessment of student performance, for certificates , class work and homework .

Certificates and half-yearly information

The grading ordinance regulates that the students receive an annual report for each school year , which is to be issued on one of the last seven school days of the school year.

In the final classes, the students also receive a half-year report, in all other classes half-year information. The half-yearly reports are to be issued between February 1 and 10.

The certificates and half-year information contain grades for the performance in the subjects. Half grades and grades with a tendency towards grades (plus or minus) are also permitted for the half-year information. Also included

  • the annual reports of the third to sixth grade a general assessment that contains statements on work attitude (diligence, care), independence (initiative, willingness to take responsibility) and cooperation ( willingness to help , fairness );
  • the other annual certificates, with the exception of the final certificates, grades for behavior and cooperation;
  • the annual reports of the seventh and eighth secondary school grades a verbal performance description.

Grades and grade formation

Performance grades

Grades from one to six are awarded for the performance in the subjects. According to the grading regulation, these are to be assigned as follows:

  • "Very good" (1) if the performance meets the requirements to a particularly high degree;
  • "Good" (2), if the performance fully meets the requirements,
  • "Satisfactory" (3) if the performance generally meets the requirements;
  • “Sufficient” (4), if the service has deficiencies but still meets the requirements as a whole;
  • "Poor" (5) if the service does not meet the requirements, but the deficiencies can be remedied in the foreseeable future;
  • “Unsatisfactory” (6) if the performance does not meet the requirements and the deficiencies cannot be remedied in the foreseeable future.

The term “requirements” refers to the competencies required by the education plan.

Grades for behavior and cooperation

The following grades are awarded for behavior or cooperation:

  • “Very good” if it deserves special recognition;
  • "Good" if it meets expectations;
  • "Satisfactory" if it meets expectations without significant restriction;
  • "Unsatisfactory" if it does not meet expectations.

Under “behavior”, the grading ordinance understands both “behavior in general” and the ability and willingness to cooperate. “Cooperation” means the recognizable will to work. The class conference is responsible for assigning grades for behavior and cooperation.

Formation of grades

The grades in the individual subjects and subject groups result from the evaluation of the oral, written and practical performance by the subject teacher. At the beginning of his lesson, he or she announces how the individual partial performances are usually weighted. The student has the right to receive information about the status of his oral and practical performance assessment at any time (§7 NVO). There is, however, no “transparency decree” that even goes beyond the aforementioned statements.


According to the grading regulation, class work should be distributed evenly over the school year. Only one work should be written in a day. Before returning and discussing a written work or on the day of return, no new written work may be written in the same subject.


If a student is excusedly absent from a class test, the teacher decides whether he has to follow up. If he is absent without excuse, he receives the grade “unsatisfactory”.


In the event of cheating during a written assignment, the teacher can decide whether the assignment can be graded normally. If not, he can:

  • make a deduction of marks ;
  • let the student take notes;
  • rate the work “unsatisfactory” in the case of severe or repeated deception. (Section 8 (6) NVO)


In the core subjects , at least four papers must be written per school year. In the subject of German, up to the ninth grade (in grammar school up to the seventh grade) there must be at least one postscript below this per year. In some cases, class work can also be replaced by practical work (e.g. in the subject of technology or the NWA subject association of the secondary school).

In the so-called minor subjects , up to four papers can be written per school year.

Comparative work

In grades seven of the secondary school, seven and nine of the secondary school and seven and nine of the grammar school, nationwide comparative tests are written. Since the school year 2008/2009, the results of the diagnostic and comparative work have not been included in the grade.


The grading ordinance stipulates that homework must be internally related to the lessons and must be set in such a way that the student can do it in a reasonable time without outside help. Homework serves to consolidate the knowledge imparted in the classroom, to practice, deepen and apply acquired skills and to promote independent work. The general teachers' conference regulates further details with the consent of the school conference . The class teacher is obliged to ensure that the homework of the individual subject teachers is coordinated in time and to ensure that they comply with the rules that apply at the school.

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