Nazi forced labor in Hattingen
The forced labor in Hattingen was important in keeping production and clean-up operations in Hattingen during World War II .
Forced laborers , especially civilian workers , Eastern workers , prisoners of war and labor education prisoners , were used in companies, handicraft businesses and farms, including several thousand in the Henrichshütte . The areas of arms industry, private sector, mining, construction, clearance and the Deutsche Reichsbahn were decisive . In total, more than 10,000 forced laborers were housed in at least 80 camps. Every fourth Hattinger was a slave laborer in 1945.
The forced laborers Maria Hoptinez were abducted in 1942 and placed in the Pleiger machine factory and metal foundry in Buchholz. She was housed in the company's own barracks camp. She reports that due to the inadequate diet, she had to work in the evenings and nights with farmers in the area in order not to starve to death.
Other companies that employed forced laborers in Hattingen were:
- Wengeler and Kalthoff
- Seilwerke Puth
Residents of the camp complained to the medical officer about the stench of faeces and swarms of flies because there was no sewer system. A total of 356 deaths were found, the number of unreported cases is assumed to be higher. 151 forced laborers are buried in the Russian cemetery of honor at Zur Maasbeck .
On July 23, 2003, a group of former forced laborers from Russia and the Netherlands visited the Russian Cemetery of Honor. An exhibition was titled “Forced Labor in Hattingen. An exhibition - two places ”from April 15 to July 27, 2003 in the Hattingen City Museum and the Westphalian Industrial Museum Henrichshütte Hattingen .
In 2014 the Heimatverein Hattingen / Ruhr eV found in the course of research for an exhibition project that 62 memorial stones for forced laborers were no longer available. The city of Hattingen, according to its own statement, removed it in 2002 after an inspection with the Volksbund Deutsche Kriegsgräberfürsorge. The reason was probably the poor legibility of the names. The whereabouts of the memorial stones is unclear, as they were no longer at the storage location specified by the city in 2014.
The authors who deal scientifically with forced labor include Thomas Weiß, Hattingen City Archives , and Anja Kuhn, Westphalian Industrial Museum .
- ↑ a b c Archived copy ( memento of the original dated September 3, 2003 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- ↑ a b c d e f Bernd Zielmann: Hattingen in fascism. Lecture. ( online ; PDF; 151 kB)
- ↑ Archived copy ( memento of the original from October 5, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- ↑ Sabine Kruse: 62 memorial stones have disappeared in Hattingen . WAZ. June 11, 2014. Retrieved September 12, 2019.
- ↑ Thomas Weiß, Anja Kuhn, Regional Association Westphalia-Lippe (ed.): Forced labor in Hattingen. Westfälisches Industriemuseum: Sources and Studies, Volume 8, 2003, ISBN 3-89861-203-1 .