The German word "Natalität" was derived from the Latin word natalis (= belonging to birth). In the French-speaking world, the word natalité can be found , in English the word natality (= birth rate).
In demography and medicine, natality is understood to mean the number of live births per 1000 inhabitants per year (see: Birth rate ).
In 1958 Hannah Arendt introduced the term “natality” into her theory of action. In her main philosophical work Vita activa or Vom aktivigen Leben ( The Human Condition ), she asked about the conditions of human existence. In this regard, she called " life itself and the earth, natality and mortality, worldliness and plurality ". Understanding natality as a basic condition of human existence was based on her observation that “ the newcomer has the ability to make a new beginning himself, ie to act ”. Their approach found its way into bioethical debates.
- Pschyrembel Clinical Dictionary . 259th edition. Berlin, New York: Walter de Gruyter 2002, p. 1139
- Hannah Arendt : Vita activa or From active life. 10th edition. Munich, Zurich: Piper 1998, p. 21
- Hannah Arendt : Vita activa or From active life. 10th edition. Munich, Zurich: Piper 1998, p. 18
- Jürgen Habermas : The future of human nature. On the way to a liberal eugenics? Frankfurt / M .: Suhrkamp 2001, pp. 101-104