|Nepali ( नेपाली )|
|Nepal , India , Bhutan|
|Official language in||
India (State of Sikkim )
|ISO 639 -1||
|ISO 639 -2||
Nepali ( नेपाली Nepali [ Nepali ], even Nepali or Nepali ) is a language from the Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-European languages . Nepali is the most widely spoken language in Nepal and is the official language there. In addition, it is spoken in northeast India and Bhutan .
According to the 2011 Nepalese census, 11.8 million people in Nepal (45 percent of the total population) speak Nepali as their mother tongue. This makes Nepali by far the largest language in Nepal. It serves as the sole official language and lingua franca for communication between speakers of different languages. According to the 2011 Indian census, a further 2.9 million native Nepali speakers live in India, especially in the northeast of the country . The largest groups of Nepali speakers live in the states of West Bengal ( above all Darjeeling district ), Assam and Sikkim . Nepali is the official language in Sikkim State and Darjeeling District. In addition, it is recognized as one of 22 constitutional languages in India at the supraregional level . No reliable figures are available on the number of Nepali speakers in Bhutan. The proportion of ethnic Nepalese in the total population of Bhutan is estimated at around a third of the total population (approx. 250,000 people). In addition, there is a larger number of Nepali speakers among the Nepalese diaspora and others. A. in the Gulf States and in Southeast Asia .
- Nepali in the Ethnologue
- Nepali in the World Atlas of Language Structures Online
- Nepali in the World Loanword Database
- Word list Nepali-German (Karl-Heinz Krämer)
- National Population and Housing Census 2011 (National Report) . (PDF) Government of Nepal, Central Bureau of Statistics, p. 164
- Data on Language and Mother Tongue. Part A: Distribution of the 22 scheduled languages-India / States / Union Territories - 2011 census. (PDF) Census of India
- Bhutan . CIA World Factbook