Nine liner

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In verse theory, a nine- liner is a stanza or poem form consisting of nine verses . Specific forms that should be mentioned are the nonarime in Italian and the Spens strophe in English poetry.


  • Horst Joachim Frank : Handbook of the German strophic forms. 2nd Edition. Francke, Tübingen & Basel 1993, ISBN 3-7720-2221-9 , pp. 681-689.
  • Fritz Schlawe: The German stanza forms. Systematic-chronological register of German poetry 1600–1950. Repertories on the history of German literature, Vol. 5. Metzler, Stuttgart 1972, ISBN 3-476-00243-8 , pp. 466–469.