List of stanzas and poem forms

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This list includes verse and poem forms . In the poem forms section , only the forms with multiple stanzas are listed; single stanza forms that are not divided into stanzas are listed next to the stanza forms.

The language information relates to the origin. The relevant stanza or poem form can also have been taken up in other languages ​​or national literature.

Stanza forms

Generic names for stanzas relate solely to the number of verses:

The metric notation used for the scheme is made up of the number of verses × the meter or the specification of the respective meter (separated by /) and, if necessary, a rhyme scheme in square brackets. The meter is given in metric formula notation.

Surname Language / origin Verses Scheme comment
Ae freedom Irish 4th 4 × x 7 [abab]
Alexandrian Couplet German 2 2 × yes 6 [aa]
Alkean stanza Greek 4th alc 11 / alc 11 / alc 9 / alc 10
Ambrosian hymn verse Latin 4th × x 8 [aabb] see pair rhyming strophe
1. Archilochian stanza Greek 2 there 6c / there 4c
2. Archilochian stanza Greek 2 there 6c / ar mi
3. Archilochian stanza Greek 2 ar ma / yes tc
1. Asclepius verse Greek 4th 4 × as mi
2. Asclepius verse Greek 4th 3 × as mi / gl2
3rd Asclepiadean stanza Greek 4th as mi / as mi / pher2 / gl2
4. Asclepiadean stanza Greek 4th gl2 / as mi / gl2 / as mi
5th Asclepius verse Greek 4th 4 × as ma
Awdl-gywydd Welsh 4th 4 × x 7
Bar form German also barstrophe
Benzenauer tone
Bernerton Middle High German 13 x 4m / x 4m / x 3w /
x 4m / x 4m / x 3w /
x 4m / x 3w / x 4m / x 3w /
x 4m / x 3w / x 3m [aab ccb dede fwf]
Blues stanza American 3 3 × yes 5 [AAa]
Bob and Wheel English 5
Brother Vitus tone
Burns Stanza
Byr-a-thoddaid Welsh 4th
Cadwynfyr Welsh
Casbairdne Irish 4th
Chevy Chase Verse English 4th x 4m x 3m x 4m x 3m [abab]
Cinquain American 5 x 2 x 4 x 6 x 8 x 2
Clogyrnach Welsh
Contrerime French 4th
Clogyrnach Welsh 6th
Common measure English 4th yes 4 / yes 3 / yes 4 / yes 3 [abab] also common meter
Couplet 2
Cuaderna via
Cyhydedd Fer Welsh 2
Cyhydedd Hir Welsh 8th
Cyhydedd Naw Ban Welsh
Cyrch-a-chwta Welsh
Cywydd Deuair Fyrion Welsh 2
Cywydd Deuair Hirion Welsh 2
Cywydd Llosgyrnog Welsh 6th
Daphnis strophe
Deibhidhe Irish 4th
Decime Spanish 10 10  × tr 4
Distich Greek 2 A poem or stanza form consisting of two verses with different meters
Big way
Droighneach Irish
Dróttkvætt Old Norse 8th
Corner stanza
Elegant punch
Elegiac alexandrine
Elegant distich Greek 2 there 6 / since 5 (Dactylic) hexameter + pentameter
Englyn Proest Cyfnewidiog Welsh
Englyn Proest Cadwynog Welsh
Englyn Unodl Crwca Welsh
Englyn Unodl Union Welsh
By flame
Fornyrðislag Old Norse 8th
Freedom Irish 4th × x 7 [abab]
Ghazel Arabic / Persian 2
Glyconic stanza Greek 4th gl / gl / gl / pher
Gorchest Beirdd Welsh
Gwawdodyn Byr Welsh
Gwawdodyn Hir Welsh
Haiku Japanese 1 Verse on three word groups with 5, 7 and 5 Japanese mores
Half Hildebrandstone
Heroic Alexandrian
Herrenhuter stanza
Duke Ernst tone
Heinous Middle High German 8 (4) x 4w / x 3m /
x 4w / x 3m /
x 4w / x 3m /
x 4w / x 3m [from from cd cd]
8 short lines in 4 long lines; Special form of Hildebrandstone ; Also Hun or Hönweise
Hildebrandston Middle High German 8 (4) x 4w / x 3m /
x 4w / x 3m /
x 4w / x 3m /
x 4w / x 3m [wa wa wb wb]
8 short lines in 4 long lines; Special form of the Nibelungenstrophe ; see also Heunenweise
Hir-a-thoddaid Welsh
Huitain French 8th × x 8or 8  × x 10 [ababbcbc] (or [abbaacca]) Special form of the punch
Judas strophe
Canzone strophe French
Kürenberger strophe also Kürnbergweise
Lindenschmidt strophe early new high German 5 yes 4m / yes 4m / yes 3w / yes 4m / yes 3w [aabxb] or [aabab]
lira Spanish 5 x 7 / x 11 /x 7 / x 7 / x 11 [ababb] different forms with 4-6 verses, here the lira garcilasiana
Ljóðaháttr Old Norse 6 (4) 2 long lines with forward and backward verse and 2 full lines
Luther strophe
Málaháttr Old Norse 10 (5) 5 long lines with forward and backward verses
Master's anguish early New High German Mastersang
Mester de clericia
Morolf's stanza 5 Middle High German / Early New High German yes 4m / yes 4m / yes 3m / yes 4m / yes 3m [aabxb]
Nibelung strophe Middle High German 8 (4) x 4w / x 3m /
x 4w / x 3m /
x 4w / x 3m /
x 4w / x 4m [wa wa wb wb]
8 short lines in 4 long lines; see also Hildebrandston
Nonarime Italian 9 × x 11 [abababccb] Special form of the punch
Ode iambica
Ode trochaica
Easter way
Otfrid's strophe Old High German 4th × x 4m [aabb] see also rhyming pair strophe
Couple rhyming stanza Latin 4th × yes 4 [aabb] see Ambrosian hymn verse
Poulter's Measure English 2
quartet 4th four-line rhyming stanza; especially in the sonnet
quintet 5 see five-liner
Quintilla Spanish 5 × tr 4 [ababa]
Raven battle strophe
Redondilla Spanish 4th × tr 4 [abba]
Travel strophe
Reimple verse Middle High German 4th
Rhupunt Byr Welsh
Rhupunt Hir Welsh
Rhupunt Hwyaf Welsh
Rhyme royal English 7th × yes 5 [ababbcc] as Chaucerstrophe or Royal Stanza referred
Rime couée French 6th
Rionnaird-tri-nard Irish 4th
Ritornello Italian 3
Romances stanza
Rubāʿī Persian 4th
Sapphic verse Greek 4th sapph mi / sapph mi / sapph mi / ad
Gift stanza
Bulky velvet
Tail rhyming stanza
Swiss tone
Séadna Irish 4th
Soul song stanza
Seguidilla Spanish 7th x 7 x 5 x 7 x 5 x 5 x 7 x 5 [wawabwb] different shapes; here Seguidilla compuesta
Shloka old indian 2
Sicilians Italian 8th × x 11 [abababab] Special form of the punch
Sneadhbhairdne Irish 4th
Spenserstrophe English 9 × yes 5 / yes 6 [ababbcbcc]
Stabat mater stanza
Standard Habbie
punch Italian 8th × x 11 [abababcc] see also Nonarime
Stollenstrophe Middle High German 11 German form of the canzone strophe
Strambotto Italian [ABABABAB]= ottava siciliana
[AABBCCDD]= strambotto romagnolo
[ABABCCDD]= rispetto toscano
School disaster
By the day
Tawddgyrch Cadwynog Welsh
trio 3 three-line (rhyming) stanza, especially in the sonnet
Terzines Italian 3 × x 11 [aba bcb cdc…]
Tyrolean clay also Tyrol strophe
Title strophe
Toddaid Welsh 4th
Great way
Triolet French 8th × x 8 [ABaAabAB] A and B denote identically repeated verses
Vagant stanza
Wrong way
Versus tripertiti caudati
Walther Hildegund stanza
Wisbeckenton also white basin clay

Regardless of the specific stanza forms listed here, the generic terms two-line , three-line , four-line , etc. related to the number of verses are in use.

Poem forms

See also


  • Ivo Braak : Poetics in a nutshell. Basic literary terms. An introduction. 8th, revised and expanded edition. Bornträger, Berlin et al. 2001, ISBN 3-443-03109-9 .
  • Dieter Burdorf, Christoph Fasbender , Burkhard Moennighoff (Hrsg.): Metzler-Lexikon literature. Terms and definitions. 3rd, completely revised edition. Metzler, Stuttgart et al. 2007, ISBN 978-3-476-01612-6 .
  • Horst Joachim Frank : Handbook of German strophic forms (= UTB 1732). 2nd, revised edition. Francke, Tübingen et al. 1993, ISBN 3-7720-2221-9 .
  • Roland Greene, Stephen Cushman, et al. (Ed.): The Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics. 4th edition. Princeton University Press, Princeton 2012, ISBN 978-0-691-13334-8 .
  • Otto Knörrich: Lexicon of lyrical forms (= Kröner's pocket edition . Volume 479). 2nd, revised edition. Kröner, Stuttgart 2005, ISBN 3-520-47902-8 .
  • Fritz Schlawe: The German stanza forms. Systematic-chronological register of German poetry 1600–1950 (= repertories on German literary history. Vol. 5). Metzler, Stuttgart 1972, ISBN 3-476-00243-8 .
  • Lewis Putnam Turco: The book of forms. A handbook of poetics. Including odd and invented forms. Revised and expanded edition. University Press of New England, Hanover NH 2011, ISBN 978-1-61168-035-5 .
  • Gero von Wilpert : Subject dictionary of literature. Special edition of the 8th, improved and expanded edition. Kröner, Stuttgart 2013, ISBN 978-3-520-84601-3 .