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The neo-Thomism is the core of neo-scholasticism . He represents the maintenance and renewal of the philosophy of Thomas Aquinas . The Neuthomist movement is most developed in France and Belgium . The encyclical Aeterni Patris by Pope Leo XIII. of August 4, 1879, gave Neuthomism a strong impetus.

This school was co-founded by Joseph Maréchal (1878–1944); Jacques Maritain , Étienne Gilson , André Marc , Erich Przywara , Johannes B. Lotz , Walter Brugger , Karl Rahner , Bernard Lonergan and Emerich Coreth are among the best-known representatives of contemporary Neuthomism . This Neuthomism differs from Thomism in the narrower sense, as it is represented by the great Dominican Homists , Réginald Garrigou-Lagrange , Santiago María Ramírez de Dulanto and others.

Neuthomism is a "philosophy according to Kant " that re-establishes metaphysics in the sense of Thomas Aquinas. The way to the metaphysics of being leads in particular via the argument of retorsion and the original affirmation (affirmation absolue) of being, which is set in the background in every judgmental statement. In this way the problem level of Thomas Aquinas and the related questions such as the identity and difference of beings in being and the question of absolute being are regained and further developed in their answers. (See also Thomas Aquinas, De ente et essentia , dt. About beings and beings .)


Literature on Neuthomism

  • David Berger : Thomas Aquinas and the liturgy. Editiones Thomisticae, Cologne 2000, ISBN 3-89811-286-1 .
  • David Berger: In the school of St. Thomas Aquinas. Studies on the history of Thomism. Nova & Vetera, Bonn 2005, ISBN 3-936741-30-1 .
  • Emerich Coreth , Peter Ehlen, Gerd Haeffner, Friedo Ricken: Philosophy of the 20th Century (= Basic Philosophy Course. 10 = Kohlhammer-Urban Pocket Books. 354). 2nd, revised edition. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart et al. 1993, ISBN 3-17-008462-3 , p. 91 ff.

Classic of neo-Homist theology

  • Joseph Maréchal : Le point de départ de la métaphysique. Leçons sur le développement historique et théorique duproblemème de la connaissance. Volume 5: Le Thomisme devant la philosophie critique (= Museum Lessianum. Section philosophique. 7, ZDB -ID 415260-8 ). Éditions du Museum Lessianum et al., Leiden 1926, (2e édition. L'Édition universelle et al., Brussels 1949).
  • Johannes B. Lotz : The judgment and the being. A foundation of metaphysics (= Pullacher philosophical research. 2, ISSN  0079-7928 ). 2nd, revised and enlarged edition of “Sein und Wert I” (1938). Berchmanskolleg publishing house, Pullach 1957.
  • Bernard JF Lonergan : Insight. A Study of Human Understanding. Longmans, Green and Co., London et al. 1957.
  • Karl Rahner : Spirit in the world. On the metaphysics of finite knowledge in Thomas Aquinas. 2nd edition (revised and supplemented by Johannes Baptist Metz on behalf of the author). Kösel, Munich 1957.
  • Béla Weissmahr : Ontology (= basic philosophy course. 3 = Kohlhammer-Urban pocket books. 347). 2nd, revised edition. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart et al. 1991, ISBN 3-17-011775-0 , p. 30 ff.