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An officiant (from the Latin officium , "office, employment, service") is a civil servant or official , not necessarily in the civil service. In the 18th century one called z. B. lower police officers like this, but also employees with authority in factories .

In the older legal language, the term is used for a public official of lower rank, usually with an addition such as house, hut, hunting, law firm, etc.

Today, with officiant , even Offiziator usually the (duty) celebrant clergy, called a church service, as in the Catholic Church of the Divine Office ( Holy Office ) protruding priest or deacon.

In Bavaria, Officiant is also an old-fashioned title for the school caretaker , similar to the pedell .

In German-speaking Switzerland, the term urn officer is used for tellers in (club) elections .

In the Bavarian librarianship, semi-skilled employees of the simple service who are entrusted with the collection of books in the store or with supervising and lending activities in the library are also called officers .


  • G. Kieffer: Rubricistics or rite of Catholic worship according to the rules of the Holy Roman Church , Paderborn 1935, (Scientific reference library, a collection of theological textbooks), pp. 250–263.
  • Art. Officiant, in: German Legal Dictionary: Dictionary of Older German Legal Language Vol. X (2001), Sp. 276 ( Scan )
  • Entry Officiant, in: Krünitz: Oeconomische Encyclopädie , 104th Volume (1806), p. 388 ( E-Text )
  • Günther Pflug , in: Lexicon of the entire book system, 2nd edition, Vol. 5 (1999), p. 433.