Paramanuchit Chinese red

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Paramanuchit Chinorot ( Thai : สมเด็จ พระ มหา สมณ เจ้า กรม พระ ปร มา นุ ชิต ชิโนรส , RTGS : Somdet Phra Maha Samana Chao Kromma Phra Paramanuchit Chinorot , other spellings: Paramanujit or Paramanujita Jinorasa ; * 1790 in Bangkok ; † December 9, 1853 in Bangkok ) was a Thai monk , historian, and poet. He was the Supreme Monastic Patriarch of Thailand from 1851 until his death in 1853 .

Paramanuchit was born in 1790 as the 28th child of King Phra Phutthayotfa Chulalok ( Rama I ). He grew up as Prince Wasukri ( พระองค์เจ้า วาสุกรี ) in the palace . At the age of 12 he entered the Buddhist order as a novice , eight years later he was ordained a monk at Wat Phra Chetuphon ( Wat Pho ). He stayed at Wat Pho until the end of his life. His spacious kuti is now a museum that opens to the public every December on the anniversary of his death.

In addition to Khmer and Pali , Paramanuchit was well versed in ancient Siamese, so his nephew King Phra Nang Klao ( Rama III ) asked him more often to translate or write books. The prince was a prolific poet, as can still be seen today in numerous inscriptions throughout Wat Pho. These inscriptions were in 2010 for the World Documentary Heritage of UNESCO proposed.

The most famous work of the prince is probably the Lilit Taleng Phai ("The defeated Burmese"), which describes the struggle of the Siamese against the Burmese. The focus is of course on the decisive duel between King Naresuan and the Burmese Crown Prince, but a large part of the poetry is devoted to depictions of the environment:

"The poet uses the march of the Thai troops through wooded terrain to extensively portray fauna and flora, after he has already described the organization, uniforms and armament of the troops down to the last detail."

- Wenk, The literature of Thai

Paramanuchit Chinorot is regarded today in Thailand as an important poet of both secular and religious writings, his books are read in Thai schools and universities.


Individual evidence

  1. see: Chronicles of Ayutthaya
  2. Epigraphic Archives of Wat Pho ; Nomination (PDF; 70 kB)
  3. ^ Paramanuchit