The parc fermé ( French for: closed park ) is a spatially delimited area at a motor sport event . The purpose of the parc fermés is that the competition vehicles remain under the supervision and access of the race management until the protest period has expired. No changes to the vehicles are permitted under parc fermé conditions.
For example, if the minimum weight of the vehicle includes the weight of the driver, parc fermé conditions also apply to the driver until he has undergone the official weighing.
In Formula 1 races, for example, the pit lane is used as a parc fermé and the cars are parked after qualifying and after crossing the finish line. The Formula 1 teams are not allowed to work in this area. The cars had to be set up for the races before qualifying and, since the 2015 Formula 1 World Championship , before the third free practice session. This does not apply to changes of engines or gearboxes, which may be necessary after qualifying, but according to Formula 1 rules, the driver has to postpone several starting positions (this can vary greatly depending on the racing series and an engine change may not be punished) .
If there is limited space, for example mountain races , a specially designated parc fermé is not always available. The vehicles must then spend the relevant period in their normal parking space in the paddock and are subject to the parc fermé conditions. For races with an international title, for example the European Hill Climb Championship , but also the FIA International Hill Climb Challenge and FIA International Hill Climb Cup , the organizer must provide a separate parc fermé .
- Ekström's "Waterloo": That regulates Article 26. Motorsport-Total.com, July 15, 2013, accessed on July 15, 2013 .
- DMSB manual 2012 , e.g. B. "International Sports Law" (automobile) Part GREEN p. 2 or Part GREEN p. 2 / Parc Fermé.