from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The articles clientelism and patronage overlap thematically. Help me to better differentiate or merge the articles (→  instructions ) . To do this, take part in the relevant redundancy discussion . Please remove this module only after the redundancy has been completely processed and do not forget to include the relevant entry on the redundancy discussion page{{ Done | 1 = ~~~~}}to mark. Bujo ( discussion ) 14:14, Jul 9, 2013 (CEST)

Patronage is the targeted promotion of people by people with appropriate economic or political opportunities. In this context, such a person is referred to as the patron, and the beneficiary as the client . In the (usually) positive sense, z. B. the help in building a company or a career through a sponsor, in the (usually) negative the allocation of respected positions or possessions through relationships. The protection against disruptive influences on property or social position by superordinate persons is also considered to be patronage.

The term is synonymous with clientelism that emanates from the protected group of people. In Austria, protection is usually used instead of patronage .

See also


  • Manfred Berger : Oettingen-Spielberg, Sophie Marie Antionette Leontine Melanie Julie Fürstin zu, founder of the first patronage , in: Hugo Maier (Ed.): Who is who of social work . Freiburg: Lambertus, 1998 ISBN 3-7841-1036-3 , pp. 443f.
  • Wolfgang Reinhard : Friends and Creatures. “Entanglement” as a concept for researching historical leadership groups: Roman oligarchy around 1600. Voegel, Munich 1979.
  • Ronald Weissman: Taking Patronage Seriously. Mediterranean Values ​​and Renaissance Society. In: Francis William Kent, Patricia Simons (Eds.): Patronage, Art, and Society in Renaissance Italy. Oxford University Press, Oxford 1987, pp. 25-46.
  • Hans-Heinrich Nolte (Ed.): Patronage and clientele. Results of a Polish-German conference. Böhlau, Cologne et al. 1989.
  • Charles Giry-Deloison (ed.): Patronages et clientélismes 1550-1750. France, Angleterre, Espagne, Italie. Colloque tenu à l'Institut Français du Royaume-Uni (Londres) from 3 to 5 May 1990. Villeneuve-d'Ascq 1995.
  • Sharon Kettering : Patronage in Sixteenth and Seventeenth Century France. Ashgate, Aldershot et al. 2002.
  • Antoni Mączak : Unequal friendship. Client relationships from antiquity to the present. Translated from the Polish by Peter Oliver Loew. Fiber-Verlag, Osnabrück 2005.
  • Antoni Mączak (Ed.): Client systems in Europe in the early modern period (= writings of the Historisches Kolleg. Colloquia. Vol. 9) Munich, Oldenbourg 1988 ISBN 978-3-486-54021-5 ( digitized version )
  • Paul D. McLean : The Art of the Network. Strategic Interaction and Patronage in Renaissance Florence. Duke University Press, Durham et al 2007.
  • Birgit Emich , Jens Ivo Engels , Ronald G. Asch (eds.): Integration - Legitimation - Corruption. Political patronage in early modern times and modern times. Publishing house Peter Lang, Frankfurt am Main et al. 2011.

Web links

Wiktionary: Patronage  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations