Paul Hempe

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Paul Berthold Max Hempe (born May 24, 1886 in Eisenach ; † April 27, 1973 there ) was a German painter , draftsman and caricaturist .


Paul Hempe was born in Eisenach in 1886 as the son of the decorative painter Louis Hempe. He attended the drawing school in his hometown and completed an apprenticeship as a decorative painter in 1901. In the following years he worked in the learned profession a. a. in Frankfurt / Main , Wiesbaden , Leipzig , Bielefeld and Bochum . In 1909 he founded the painting company Hempe and Hild , which only existed for a short time until his military service in the First World War . After his military service, Hempe was initially employed as a decorative painter at an Eisenach company and at that time was permanently employed at the Wartburg . From 1936 he was a freelance artist.

As early as 1927, satirical drawings by him appeared regularly in the Eisenacher Tagespost , with glosses on current regional and national events. From 1930 Hempe was responsible for the artistic organization of the summer prize and is considered the spiritual father of the summer prize originals Henner and Frieder .

After the Second World War , Paul Hempe worked in Eisenach as a caricaturist and illustrator , a. a. for various publications of the Kulturbund Eisenach .


Hempe mainly painted watercolors , charcoal and pencil drawings as well as oil paintings of the local landscape and of historical buildings. He also drew portraits of well-known personalities, such as B. by Wilhelm Liebknecht and August Bebel . Many of his paintings still adorn the interior of the Wartburg today. Up until the Second World War, several paintings by Hempe could also be seen in the Lutherhaus Eisenach . In November 1944, an American air mine detonated near the Luther House, partially destroying it. Hempe's paintings were also damaged in the process. They have not been seen since the reconstruction.

As a sponsor of the summer prize, he designed numerous floats for the traditional summer prize parade.


  • Urania cultural and educational association Gotha eV (Ed.): Eisenacher personalities. A biographical lexicon. RhinoVerlag, Weimar 2004, ISBN 3-932081-45-5 , p. 59f.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Hans Eberhard Matthes: The Eisenacher Lutherhaus with an appendix 'The Cotta family'. Eisenach 1939, pp. 52, 56.
  2. Jochen Birkenmeier, Das / The Lutherhaus in Eisenach. Eisenach 2015, pp. 5–7.