Horse host

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Pferdewirt (Germany), horse warden and horse specialist (Switzerland) or skilled worker in the horse industry (Austria) is a training occupation with the contents horse keeping , horse breeding and riding .


The horse manager is a recognized three-year training occupation . Horse hosts have been trained in five fields since 2010.


Vocational training in riding and driving has been regulated by the state since 1927 and has been recognized vocational training under the Vocational Training Act since August 14, 1969 . The training occupation used to be called rider . The profession was later renamed as horse manager and initially taught in two disciplines, and since the promulgation of the ordinance on vocational training for horse management on November 1, 1975, in four subjects.

The four subjects since 1975:
Horse breeding and husbandry: Here the trainee acquired a. a. Knowledge of horse breeding , horse feeding, animal welfare and veterinary science , pasture management, cultivation of forage as well as moving and working horses, grassland management, handling agricultural equipment and machines, etc.

Riding: From the beginning of the training, the focus was on riding , the training of horse and rider, sufficient talent (balance and elasticity) as well as solid basic equestrian training should be available. Dealing with riding theory plays a major role in training.

Race riding: The prerequisites for this were medium height and low body weight (approx. 50 kg) as well as sportiness and the iron will to maintain body weight; races must be ridden during training.

Trotting: In this branch of training, the requirements were similar to those for racing, whereby the rider's body weight is approx. 75 kg.

Horse host since 2010

The new regulation on the profession of horse manager has been in effect since August 1, 2010, published in June 2010 in the Federal Law Gazette. It changed the profession of horse manager significantly. There are now five disciplines:

Horse keeping and service
Horse breeding
Classic riding training
Horse racing (gallop or trot races)
Special riding styles (western or gaited horse riding)

At the same time as the ordinance, a new framework curriculum for teaching at vocational schools was developed. Here, too, the training has been changed by giving up isolated school subjects and combining them into new learning fields. In the intermediate and final examinations, the trainees in all five disciplines must plan, carry out and analyze their assignments in accordance with the basic principles of sustainability, process orientation and quality management.

A new training facility ordinance, which stipulates which requirements must be placed on training companies, was published in the Federal Law Gazette on February 7, 2011.

Horse keeping and service

With the field of horse husbandry and service , the regulation moves towards customer-oriented horse specialists who can advise and train amateurs in all areas of horse husbandry. One of the main focuses of work will be stables and smaller riding clubs. Future trainees then have to prove in their final examination that they can organize and carry out courses on loading, lunging or basic horse training.

Horse breeding

In the now decoupled discipline of breeding , much more emphasis is placed on the practice of breeding stations. The trainees therefore also learn the insemination technique. Trainees with this specialization need a solid basic scientific knowledge in order to be able to understand both the breeding theory and the technology of an insemination station.

Classic riding training

The field of classical riding training continues to train riders who ride according to the rules of classical riding theory, train horses and their riders.

horse race

The previous disciplines of racing and harness racing were merged into the new discipline of horse racing . The reason for this step was that fewer and fewer trainees are being hired, especially in trotting, and one does not want to forego this classic division.

Special riding styles

To other riding styles to participate in vocational training, there are new now the Department of caveson ways in which currently find the Western and the gear Horse Rider.


The training includes an intermediate examination, which should be taken about halfway through the training period. The main content of the profession of horse manager is regulated in the regulation on professional training to become a horse manager . During the training, proof of training (report booklet) must be kept, in which key texts can also be included.

All trainees who have concluded a training contract in the profession of horse manager by July 31, 2010, will do their training and examination according to the old regulation from 1975. However, trainers and trainees can mutually agree (in writing) to adopt the new regulation from the 2010 to be applied to existing contracts.

Horse economist

The training of a horse farmer to become a master horse manager is also divided into the five areas mentioned above. After passing the exam, the master horse manager is entitled to train horse managers if the responsible body for vocational training has confirmed personal and professional aptitude.


Skilled worker in the horse industry is the job title in Austria. The training is offered in different forms:

  • Horse economics (3 years apprenticeship in a training company for horse economics)
  • Technical school for horse management
  • Horse economist in the 2nd education path


Horse attendant EBA

Horse attendant is a recognized two-year basic vocational training course . Completion of elementary school is required. The practical training takes place on a horse farm and includes dealing with horses, their care, maintenance of the facility, feeding, working with horses, animal health, dealing with customers, occupational health and safety. Theoretical training one day a week at the vocational school in Lindau, Zollikofen or Moudon. In addition, there are inter-company courses on various topics. Degree: Federal professional certificate "horse attendant EBA " .

Horse attendants can have a shortened basic training as a horse specialist with a federal Make a certificate of proficiency. The 1st year of basic education is waived (entry into the 2nd year of basic education). After that, the same training courses are possible as for horse specialists.

Equine specialist EFZ

Horse specialist is a recognized three-year basic vocational training course in an equestrian center, breeding or trading stable. The prerequisite is a completed elementary school, riding skills are desirable. General horse keeping is learned in the first year of the apprenticeship.

From the second year of apprenticeship, a subject is chosen:

  • Horse care
  • Classic riding
  • Western riding
  • Gaited horse riding
  • Horse racing

Degree: Federal Certificate of Competence "Horse Specialist EFZ "

With very good academic performance, the vocational school can be attended during the basic education .

further education

Specializations are possible in the chosen subject area, for example in " jockey " or " trotting " in horse racing. Or in a related area, for example, to become a "qualified riding teacher". After completing the basic education, a shortened, 1-year training course in another of the five subject areas can be completed. The professional examination as " rider with federal certificate", or the higher technical examination as "qualified riding instructor ", or training as a riding therapist are further options.

The " Bachelor FH in Agronomy" with a major in equine sciences can be obtained at the University of Applied Sciences (HAFL University of Agriculture, Forestry and Food Sciences in Zollikofen, Ecole d'ingénieurs de Lullier).


  • Manfred Gold: The horse host. Riding, breeding and keeping, racing, trotting . 6., revised. Edition. blv, Munich 2003, ISBN 3-405-16672-1 .
  • Josef Hannig: The professional training to become a horse manager . 6., revised. Edition. Bonn 1997, ISBN 3-89661-498-3 .
  • Susanne Kappmeier et al .: FN-Handbuch Pferdewirt . Warendorf 2005, ISBN 3-88542-390-1 .
  • Georg Möhlenbruch (Ed.): Profession horse manager . 3. edit again. Edition. Ulmer, Stuttgart 2010, ISBN 978-3-8001-5450-0 , pp. 506-519 .

Web links

Wiktionary: Pferdewirt  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations




Individual evidence

  1. a b Pocket book for clubs riders and riding instructors 3rd edition of the German Equestrian Association; Page 407-411
  2. Training paths in the horse industry ( Memento of the original from September 12, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.  @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  3. Federal Ordinance of December 12, 2007